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Création et développement de pme dans le secteur des biotechnologies: le cas français


  • Vincent Mangematin
  • André Torre


[eng] Creation and development of biotech smes: the french case - Based on a survey on French biotech SMEs in France, this article analyses the different development trajectories of biotech SMEs. The typology is based on the main internal characteristics of firms and on the way in which they manage their environment Four trajectories are described: success stories represent only a minority of firms. A large majority of small independent SMEs are growing but not sky rocketing. Firms are mostly subsidiary companies to large groups involved in agri and agrobusiness. The last group is composed by firms which have bee bought out after an independent start up. [fre] À partir d'une enquête originale sur l'ensemble des pme de biotechnologie en France, cet article propose une typologie de trajectoires de développement. Cette typologie vise à classer les entreprises de biotechnologie en fonction des caractéristiques propres des entreprises et des relations avec leur environnement. Notre étude révèle en effet une trajectoire à succès, qui ne représente qu'une minorité de cas, et trois trajectoires plus disparates: certaines entreprises connaissent une croissance régulière mais non exponentielle de l'effectif et du chiffre d'affaires; d'autres sont adossées à une maison mère; les dernières enfin ont été rachetées par de grosses firmes industrielles.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent Mangematin & André Torre, 2001. "Création et développement de pme dans le secteur des biotechnologies: le cas français," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 263(1), pages 2-15.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2001_num_263_1_5239
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2001.5239

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Adam B. Jaffe & Manuel Trajtenberg & Rebecca Henderson, 1993. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 577-598.
    2. Anselin, Luc & Varga, Attila & Acs, Zoltan, 1997. "Local Geographic Spillovers between University Research and High Technology Innovations," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 422-448, November.
    3. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    4. David B. Audretsch, 1995. "Innovation and Industry Evolution," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011468, January.
    5. Almeida, Paul & Kogut, Bruce, 1997. "The Exploration of Technological Diversity and the Geographic Localization of Innovation," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 21-31, February.
    6. Audretsch, David B & Stephan, Paula E, 1996. "Company-Scientist Locational Links: The Case of Biotechnology," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 641-652, June.
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