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Création et développement de pme dans le secteur des biotechnologies: le cas français

  • Vincent Mangematin
  • André Torre

[fre] À partir d'une enquête originale sur l'ensemble des pme de biotechnologie en France, cet article propose une typologie de trajectoires de développement. Cette typologie vise à classer les entreprises de biotechnologie en fonction des caractéristiques propres des entreprises et des relations avec leur environnement. Notre étude révèle en effet une trajectoire à succès, qui ne représente qu'une minorité de cas, et trois trajectoires plus disparates: certaines entreprises connaissent une croissance régulière mais non exponentielle de l'effectif et du chiffre d'affaires; d'autres sont adossées à une maison mère; les dernières enfin ont été rachetées par de grosses firmes industrielles. [eng] Creation and development of biotech smes: the french case - Based on a survey on French biotech SMEs in France, this article analyses the different development trajectories of biotech SMEs. The typology is based on the main internal characteristics of firms and on the way in which they manage their environment Four trajectories are described: success stories represent only a minority of firms. A large majority of small independent SMEs are growing but not sky rocketing. Firms are mostly subsidiary companies to large groups involved in agri and agrobusiness. The last group is composed by firms which have bee bought out after an independent start up.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

Volume (Year): 263 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 2-15

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2001_num_263_1_5239
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2001.5239
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