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La production agricole répond-elle aux prix ?


  • Jean-Marc Boussard


[eng] For the vast majority of professional economists, it is quite natural to think of the elasticity of supply with respect to price as being positive. The same idea is a matter of controversis among agricultural economists. Often, it is alleged that the rationality is radically different for peasants and capitalists entrepreneurs. . It is nevertheless possible to give account of observed facts within the strict neoclassical framework, but this requires a long run, dynamic point of view, and the explicit intervention of financial and security constraints at farm level. . Various consequences for the estimation of supply functions may be derived. Especially, because the elasticity of supply is likely to vary greatly across time, it is difficult, and probably misleading to make use of a large number of observations from the past in order to estimate them by regression. Therefore, the recourse to statistical inference should be kept to a minimum level when estimating responses or aggregate production functions. [fre] Est-il possible que l'élasticité de l'offre de certains produits agricoles par rapport au prix soit nulle ou négative? On peut répondre affirmativement à cette question sur la base des critiques marxistes ou structuralistes de la théorie néoclassique. Mais cette dernière rend compte tout aussi bien, et peut-être mieux que les autres, de cette possibilité. 1 1 suffit pour cela d'en prendre une version plus élaborée que celle qui suppose que les agriculteurs maximisent leur profit sur un ensemble convexe. . En outre, les modèles empiriques construits pour tester cette hypothèse ne semblent pas la confirmer, du moins dans la plupart des cas. Il reste que les analyses présentées à cette occasion permettent d'édifier une théorie des cycles «en toile d'araignée» beaucoup plus satisfaisante que celle qui repose sur les erreurs d'anticipation.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Marc Boussard, 1985. "La production agricole répond-elle aux prix ?," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 167(1), pages 20-27.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1985_num_167_1_3157
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1985.3157

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Marc Nerlove, 1979. "The Dynamics of Supply: Retrospect and Prospect," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 61(5), pages 874-888.
    2. Day, Richard H & Tinney, E Herbert, 1969. "Cycles, Phases and Growth in a Generalised Cobweb Theory," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 79(313), pages 90-108, March.
    3. Bruce Traill & David Colman & Trevor Young, 1978. "Estimating Irreversible Supply Functions," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 60(3), pages 528-531.
    4. Jean-Marc Boussard, 1971. "Time Horizon, Objective Function, and Uncertainty in a Multiperiod Model of Firm Growth," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 53(3), pages 467-477.
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    1. Louis-Pascal Mahé & Cathie Laroche-Dupraz, 2000. "La politique agricole dans les négociations internationales," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 255(1), pages 135-153.

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