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Les pays d'Europe peuvent-ils reproduire la réforme électrique de l'Angleterre ? Une analyse institutionnelle comparative

Listed author(s):
  • Jean-Michel Glachant

[fre] Les pays d'Europe peuvent-ils reproduire la réforme électrique de l'Angleterre ? Une analyse institutionnelle comparative par Jean-Michel Glachant Bien que la réforme électrique concurrentielle de l'Angleterre ait été pionnière, précédant de dix ans la plupart des autres réformes européennes, elle n'a guère été reproduite à l'identique dans d'autres pays d'Europe, même par les pays les plus favorables à cette politique. L'analyse néo-institutionnelle nous explique pourquoi. En fait, les réformes électriques concurrentielles combinent dans chaque pays deux ensembles d'institutions : les dispositifs institutionnels internes des industries et les environnements institutionnels nationaux. La comparaison des régimes institutionnels des réformes électriques en Angleterre, Allemagne et Norvège montre que le modèle anglais de réforme électrique est hors d'atteinte pour le plus grand nombre des pays européens comme pour les autorités de l'Union européenne. [eng] Can continental European countries replicate the English electricity reform? A comparative institutional analysis by Jean-Michel Glachant The new English electricity system launched in April 1990 was not reproduced by other European reforming countries. Institutions have played a major role, since reforms in the electricity industry involve two particular sets of institution: institutions internal to the industry and others in the national institutional environment. A comparative study of England, Germany and Norway shows that the English institutional regime for electricity reform is too specific to be a model for all European countries and for the European Union authorities.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 145 (2000)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 157-168

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2000_num_145_4_6121
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2000.6121
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  1. Hancher, Leigh, 1997. "Slow and not so sure: Europe's long march to electricity market liberalization," The Electricity Journal, Elsevier, vol. 10(9), pages 92-101, November.
  2. Barker, Jr.J. & Tenenbaum, B. & Woolf, F., 1997. "Governance and Regulation of Power Pools and System Operators. An International Comparison," Papers 382, World Bank - Technical Papers.
  3. Joskow, Paul L, 1996. "Introducing Competition into Regulated Network Industries: From Hierarchies to Markets in Electricity," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(2), pages 341-382.
  4. Oliver E. Williamson, 1976. "Franchise Bidding for Natural Monopolies -- in General and with Respect to CATV," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 7(1), pages 73-104, Spring.
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