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Salaires et emploi dans une économie de partage

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  • André Zylberberg

Abstract

[eng] Wages and Employment in a Share-Economy, . by André Zylberberg.. . In a wage-economy labour is rewarded by a fixed wage which does not vary with the firm's results. In a share-economy, this reward is linked to the actual profits of the firm. This article presents the main macroeconomic properties of a share-economy and compares them with those of a wage-economy. Its main objective is to determine the conditions under which such a profit-sharing scheme could increase the overall employment level. [spa] Salarios y empleo en una economía de repartición, . por André Zylberberg.. . Mientras en la economía salarial la remuneración del trabajo se identifica a un salario fijo independiente de los resultados de la empresa, en la economía de repartición esta remuneración, está ligada al beneficio realizado. Este artículo presenta las principales propiedades macroeconómicas de la economía de repartición, comparándolas a las de la economía salarial. Su principal objetivo es el de poner de manifiesto a qué condiciones la implementación de un sistema semejante de repartición del beneficio podría incrementar el nivel global del empleo. [fre] Salaires et emploi dans une économie de partage, . par André Zylberberg.. . Alors que dans l'économie salariale la rémunération du travail s'identifie à un salaire fixe indépendant des résultats de l'entreprise, dans l'économie de partage cette rémunération va, au contraire, être liée au profit réalisé. Cet article présente les principaes propriétés macroéconomiques de l'économie de partage en les comparant à celles de l'économie salariale. Son principal objectif est de dégager à quelles conditions la mise en place d'un tel système de partage du profit pourrait accroître le niveau global de l'emploi. [ger] Löhne und Beschäftigung in einer auf Beteiligung beruhenden Wirtschaft, . von André Zylberberg.. . Während in einer auf Lohnarbeit beruhenden Wirtschaft das Arbeitsentgelt mit einem festen Lohn korreliert wird, der von den Betriebserträgen unabhängig ist, ist es in einer auf Beteiligung beruhenden Wirtschaft im Gegenteil vom erzielten Gewinn abhängig. Dieser Artikel stellt die wichtigsten makroökonomischen Eigenschaften der auf Beteiligung abgestellten Wirtschaft vor, indem er sie mit denjenigen der auf Lohnarbeit ausgerichteten Wirtschaft vergleicht. Es geht hauptsächlich darum, herauszustellen, unter welchen Bedingungen die Errichtung eines Gewinnbeteiligungssystems den globalen Beschäftigungsstand erhöhen könnte.

Suggested Citation

  • André Zylberberg, 1990. "Salaires et emploi dans une économie de partage," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 92(1), pages 153-160.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1990_num_92_1_5166
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1990.5166
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Claude d'Aspremont & Rodolphe Dos Santos Ferreira & Louis-André Gérard-Varet, 1990. "On Monopolistic Competition and Involuntary Unemployment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(4), pages 895-919.
    2. repec:adr:anecst:y:1991:i:22:p:02 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Oswald, Andrew J, 1985. " The Economic Theory of Trade Unions: An Introductory Survey," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 87(2), pages 160-193.
    4. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro, 1987. "Monopolistic Competition and the Effects of Aggregate Demand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 647-666, September.
    5. George A. Akerlof, 1982. "Labor Contracts as Partial Gift Exchange," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 97(4), pages 543-569.
    6. Carruth, Alan A & Oswald, Andrew J, 1985. "Miners' Wages in Post-war Britain: An Application of a Model of Trade Union Behaviour," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 95(380), pages 1003-1020, December.
    7. Jones, Derek C & Svejnar, Jan, 1985. "Participation, Profit Sharing, Worker Ownership and Efficiency in Italian Producer Cooperative," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 52(208), pages 449-465, November.
    8. Patrick Artus & François Legendre & Pierre Morin, 1991. "Le partage implicite des profits et ses effets sur la productivité du travail," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 22, pages 33-57.
    9. Blanchflower, David G & Oswald, Andrew J, 1987. "Profit Sharing--Can It Work?," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 39(1), pages 1-19, March.
    10. Lindbeck, Assar & Snower, Dennis J, 1986. "Wage Setting, Unemployment, and Insider-Outsider Relations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 235-239, May.
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