IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

La demande d'énergie des industries laitières : une analyse microéconomique

  • Alain Bousquet
  • Marc Ivaldi
  • Norbert Ladoux

[eng] The energy demands in dairy industries : a micro-economic analysis, by Alain Bousquet, Marc Ivaldi, Norbert Ladoux. An empirical analysis examines substitution opportunities for various forms of energy in the dairy industry. First, we estimate a demand function system for energy factors in order to grasp their substituability. It is then possible to understand the trends in the structure of the energy consumption. Zero expenditures in the sample require a special treatment when the model is specified. And this is true for two different stages : the theoretical one as well as the econometric one. The model is similar to qualitative variable models such as the general Tobit model. [fre] La demande d'énergie des industries laitières : une analyse microéconomique, par Alain Bousquet, Marc Ivaldi, Norbert Ladoux. Cet article s'intéresse à l'analyse empirique des possibilités de substitutions entre formes d'énergie, pour les entreprises du secteur des industries laitières. L'objectif est d'estimer un système de fonction de demande de facteurs énergétiques et d'appréhender le degré de substituabilité entre chacune de ces formes, et, ainsi, de mieux comprendre l'évolution de la structure de la consommation totale d'énergie. La présence de dépenses nulles dans l'échantillon requiert une attention particulière lors de la spécification du modèle, au point de vue théorique tout d'abord et économétrique ensuite. Le modèle proposé s'apparente aux modèles à variables qualitatives du type Tobit généralisé. [ger] Der Energiebedarf der Milchwirtschaftsbetriebe : eine mikroökonomische Analyse, von Alain Bousquet, Marc Ivaldi, Norbert Ladoux. Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit der empirischen Analyse der Substituierbarkeit von Energieformen in Milchwirtschaftsbetrieben. Er zielt darauf ab, ein Funktionssystem hinsichtlich der Nachfrage nach Energiefaktoren zu schätzen und den Substituierbarkeitsgrad zwischen jeder dieser Formen zu erfassen, um die Entwicklung der Struktur des gesamten Energieverbrauchs besser zu verstehen. Die in der Stichprobe beobachtete Nullausgabensituation erfordert bei der Spezifikation des Modeils zuallererst unter theoretischem sodann unter ökonometrischem Gesichtspunkt besondere Aufmerksamkeit. Das vorgeschlagene Modell weist ähnliche Merkmale auf wie die Modelle mit qualitativen Variablen vom verallgemeinerten Tobit-Typ. [spa] La demanda de energia de las industrias lecheras : un análisis microeconómico, por Alain Bousquet, Marc Ivaldi, Norbert Ladoux. En este artículo se procede a un análisis empírico de las posibilidades de substitución entre formas de energía para las empresas del sector de las industrias lecheras. Tiene por objetivo estimar un sistema de función de demanda de factures energéticos y aprehender el grado de substituibilidad entre cada una de estas formas y, de este modo, entender mejor la evolución de la estructura del consumo total de energía. La existencia de gastos nulos en la muestra requière una atenciôn particular cuando se especifica el modelo, ya sea teóricamente o econométricamente. El modelo propuesto se parece a los modelos de variables cualitativas del tipo Tobit generalizado.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 91 (1989)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 75-90

in new window

Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1989_num_91_5_5141
Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1989.5141
Contact details of provider: Web page:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Diewert, Walter E & Wales, Terence J, 1987. "Flexible Functional Forms and Global Curvature Conditions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(1), pages 43-68, January.
  2. Jorgenson, Dale W., 1986. "Econometric methods for modeling producer behavior," Handbook of Econometrics, in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 31, pages 1841-1915 Elsevier.
  3. Lee, Lung-Fei & Pitt, Mark M., 1987. "Microeconometric models of rationing, imperfect markets, and non-negativity constraints," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1-2), pages 89-110.
  4. Wales, T. J. & Woodland, A. D., 1983. "Estimation of consumer demand systems with binding non-negativity constraints," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 263-285, April.
  5. Pindyck, Robert S, 1979. "Interfuel Substitution and the Industrial Demand for Energy: An International Comparison," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(2), pages 169-79, May.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1989_num_91_5_5141. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.