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Association of a genetic risk score with BMI along the life-cycle: Evidence from several US cohorts

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  • Anna Sanz-de-Galdeano
  • Anastasia Terskaya
  • Angie Upegui

Abstract

We use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health and from the Health and Retirement Study to explore how the effect of individuals’ genetic predisposition to higher BMI —measured by BMI polygenic scores— changes over the life-cycle for several cohorts. We find that the effect of BMI polygenic scores on BMI increases significantly as teenagers transition into adulthood (using the Add Health cohort, born 1974-83). However, this is not the case for individuals aged 55+ who were born in earlier HRS cohorts (1931-53), whose life-cycle pattern of genetic influence on BMI is remarkably stable as they move into old-age.

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  • Anna Sanz-de-Galdeano & Anastasia Terskaya & Angie Upegui, 2020. "Association of a genetic risk score with BMI along the life-cycle: Evidence from several US cohorts," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 15(9), pages 1-19, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:plo:pone00:0239067
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0239067
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    1. Petri Böckerman & John Cawley & Jutta Viinikainen & Terho Lehtimäki & Suvi Rovio & Ilkka Seppälä & Jaakko Pehkonen & Olli Raitakari, 2019. "The effect of weight on labor market outcomes: An application of genetic instrumental variables," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 28(1), pages 65-77, January.
    2. Brunello, Giorgio & Michaud, Pierre-Carl & Sanz-de-Galdeano, Anna, 2008. "The Rise in Obesity across the Atlantic: An Economic Perspective," IZA Discussion Papers 3529, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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    4. John Cawley, 2004. "The Impact of Obesity on Wages," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 39(2).
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