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Determinants of Academics' Job Satisfaction: Empirical Evidence from Private Universities in Bangladesh


  • Abdul Kadar Muhammad Masum
  • Md Abul Kalam Azad
  • Loo-See Beh


The job satisfaction of academics is related to a number of variables of complex function such as demographic characters, the work itself, pay, work responsibilities, variety of tasks, promotional opportunities, relationship with co-workers and others. Academics may be simultaneously satisfied with some facets of the job and dissatisfied with others. This paper aims at determining the influential factors that contribute to the enhancement or reduction of academics’ job satisfaction among private universities in Bangladesh with special reference to Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh. A total of 346 respondents are considered from ten private universities using non-probability sampling. A pre-tested and closed-ended questionnaire using a seven-point Likert scale is used for data collection. In this study, descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation, multiple regression, and factor analysis are exercised as statistical tools. A conceptual model of job satisfaction is developed and applied for academics’ job satisfaction. The results reveal that compensation package, supervisory support, job security, training and development opportunities, team cohesion, career growth, working conditions, and organizational culture and policies are positively associated with the academics’ job satisfaction. Amongst them, three factors stood out as significant contributors for job satisfaction of academics i.e. compensation package, job security, and working conditions. Therefore, the management of private universities should focus their effort on these areas of human resource management for maintaining academics’ job satisfaction and employee retention. The study will be useful for university management in improving overall job satisfaction as it suggests some strategies for employee satisfaction practices.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdul Kadar Muhammad Masum & Md Abul Kalam Azad & Loo-See Beh, 2015. "Determinants of Academics' Job Satisfaction: Empirical Evidence from Private Universities in Bangladesh," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 10(2), pages 1-15, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:plo:pone00:0117834
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0117834

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    2. Gulzar Ahmed & Waqar Un Nisa Faizi & Sana Akbar, 2020. "Challenges of Novice Teachers and Strategies to Cope at Secondary Level," Global Regional Review, Humanity Only, vol. 5(1), pages 403-416, March.
    3. Benedetto Torrisi & Giuseppe Pernagallo, 2020. "Investigating the relationship between job satisfaction and academic brain drain: the Italian case," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 124(2), pages 925-952, August.
    4. Shireen Shymala Thomas & Sathiavani M. Santhiran & Irfah Najihah Basir Malan & Ian Mackechnie & William Chua, 2021. "The Antecedents of Job Satisfaction amongst Academicians: An Empirical Evidence from a Malaysian Private University," International Business Research, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 14(1), pages 141-141, January.
    5. Hattori, Keisuke & Yamada, Mai, 2023. "Closing the Psychological Distance: The Effect of Social Interactions on Team Performance," MPRA Paper 117042, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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