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Inequality in Disability in Bangladesh


  • Md Ismail Tareque
  • Sharifa Begum
  • Yasuhiko Saito


Objective: To investigate inequality in disability in Bangladesh. Methods: The study used both household level and individual level data from a large nationally representative data set, Bangladesh’s Household Income and Expenditure Survey - 2010. Principal component analysis was used to construct a wealth index based on household assets from household level data. Then, using data from 49,809 individuals aged 5 years and over, chi-square tests and logistic regression were performed to test the association between wealth level and disability. Findings: Women and older people are significantly more likely to report having disabilities than men and younger people. For middle and rich families, respectively, there is a 14 percent lower likelihood of reporting disabilities than for poor families. Changes in the probability of having disabilities are linear with increasing wealth. In addition, the study identifies some significant factors affecting disability, namely, age, sex, education, marital status, and place of residence including divisional differences. Conclusion: In Bangladesh, worse health among the poor argues for policies prioritizing this group while at the same time giving special attention to women and the elderly.

Suggested Citation

  • Md Ismail Tareque & Sharifa Begum & Yasuhiko Saito, 2014. "Inequality in Disability in Bangladesh," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 9(7), pages 1-10, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:plo:pone00:0103681
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103681

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    Cited by:

    1. Md Shariful Islam & Md Ismail Tareque & Md Nazrul Islam Mondal & Ahbab Mohammad Fazle Rabbi & Hafiz T A Khan & Sharifa Begum, 2017. "Urban-rural differences in disability-free life expectancy in Bangladesh using the 2010 HIES data," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 12(7), pages 1-13, July.
    2. Md Ismail Tareque & Atsushi Koshio & Andrew D Tiedt & Toshihiko Hasegawa, 2015. "Are the Rates of Hypertension and Diabetes Higher in People from Lower Socioeconomic Status in Bangladesh? Results from a Nationally Representative Survey," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 10(5), pages 1-17, May.
    3. Hossain, Sorif & Chowdhury, Promit Barua & Biswas, Raaj Kishore & Hossain, Md. Amir, 2020. "Malnutrition status of children under 5 years in Bangladesh: A sociodemographic assessment," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 117(C).

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