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Gender Exploitation: from Structural Adjustment Policies to Poverty Reduction Strategies

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  • Khadija Ali

    (Kashmir Institute of Economics, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad.)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to review the existing empirical research concerning women’s exploitation as a result of policy measures imposed by the World Bank and the IMF, particularly under Structural Adjustment Policies (SAPs). The central argument here is that SAPs have not been successful in achieving their basic objectives of ‘adjusting’ the economies instead, these policies have created severe social problems for the human beings, particularly for the poor and middle-income groups, in the countries where they (SAPs) have been implemented [Beneria and Feldman (1992); Cornia, Jolly and Stewart (1987); Floro (1995); Messkoub (1996) Moser (1989)]. Among these groups, although all members have to mobilise their efforts to support households so as to cope with the economic crisis, women have to bear an unequal share of this burden.

Suggested Citation

  • Khadija Ali, 2003. "Gender Exploitation: from Structural Adjustment Policies to Poverty Reduction Strategies," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 42(4), pages 669-694.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:42:y:2003:i:4:p:669-694
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Howes, Candace & Singh, Ajit, 1995. "Long-term trends in the World economy: The gender dimension," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(11), pages 1895-1911, November.
    2. Lado, Cleophas, 1992. "Female labour participation in agricultural production and the implications for nutrition and health in rural Africa," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 789-807, April.
    3. Heyzer, Noeleen, 1989. "Asian women wage-earners: Their situation and possibilities for donor intervention," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 17(7), pages 1109-1123, July.
    4. Palmer, Ingrid, 1995. "Public finance from a gender perspective," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(11), pages 1981-1986, November.
    5. Beneria, Lourdes, 1992. "Accounting for women's work: the progress of two decades," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 20(11), pages 1547-1560, November.
    6. repec:ilo:ilowps:267906 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Fuchs, Victor R, 1989. "Women's Quest for Economic Equality," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(1), pages 25-41, Winter.
    8. Standing, Guy., 1989. "Global feminisation through flexible labour," ILO Working Papers 992679063402676, International Labour Organization.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mohammad Afzal, 2007. "MACROECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT IN PAKISTAN [1981-2004]: An EVALUATION," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 7(1).

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