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The Twin Deficits Phenomenon: Evidence from Pakistan

Author

Listed:
  • Anjum Aqeel

    (Applied Economics Research Centre (AERC), University of Karachi and Professor of Finance and Economics at Institute of Business Administration (IBA).)

  • Mohammed Nishat

    (Applied Economics Research Centre (AERC), University of Karachi and Professor of Finance and Economics at Institute of Business Administration (IBA).)

Abstract

Like most developing countries a steady budget deficit in Pakistan is the primary cause of all major ills of the economy. It has varied between 5.4 to 8.7 percent during last two decades. On the other hand the current account deficit varied between 2.7 to 7.2 percent during the same period. The variations in fiscal policy can lead to predictable developments in an open economy’s performance on current account, remains a controversial issue. An important aspect of this issue concerns what is termed as twin deficit analysis, according to which fiscal deficits and current account balances are very closely related so that reductions in the former are both necessary and sufficient to obtain improved performance in the later. Theoretical work on the relationship that exist between variations in fiscal policy and the current account balance has been based upon two types of models. These models are constructed from postulated behavioural relationships that purport to describe how the economy works in aggregate without explaining the behaviour of agents who make up the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Anjum Aqeel & Mohammed Nishat, 2000. "The Twin Deficits Phenomenon: Evidence from Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 39(4), pages 535-550.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:39:y:2000:i:4:p:535-550
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    File URL: http://www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/2000/Volume4/535-550.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Javid, Attiya Y. & Javid, Muhammad & Arif, Umaima, 2011. "Fiscal Policy and Current Account Dynamics in Case of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 34858, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. repec:rss:jnljee:v4i3p3 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Mumtaz, Kinza & Munir, Kashif, 2016. "Dynamics of Twin Deficits in South Asian Countries," MPRA Paper 74592, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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