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Success Factors for Community Business Wildlife Tourism Partnerships in Tanzania


  • Diederik de Boer

    (Maastricht school of Management)

  • Meine Pieter van Dijk

    (Maastricht school of Management
    International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam)


The number of partnership agreements for development is increasing in Africa, and they have different degrees of success. Which critical success factors play a role for partnerships at the community level in the tourism sector in Tanzania? This article analyses nine tourism business–community agreements including three NGO-initiated agreements, three business-initiated agreements and three government-initiated agreements. The partnerships are addressing local economic development and conservation and are assessed on 12 different criteria for success. We found that business-initiated partnerships are working best in meeting the criteria for success. Trust, commitment and mutual benefits are found to be the most important factors. Technical aspects such as accountability and planning (which are mentioned as being of critical importance for national partnerships) are secondary and of less importance for the success of local partnerships.

Suggested Citation

  • Diederik de Boer & Meine Pieter van Dijk, 2016. "Success Factors for Community Business Wildlife Tourism Partnerships in Tanzania," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 28(4), pages 555-570, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:28:y:2016:i:4:d:10.1057_ejdr.2015.23
    DOI: 10.1057/ejdr.2015.23

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Linus Kalvelage & Javier Revilla Diez & Michael Bollig, 2021. "Do Tar Roads Bring Tourism? Growth Corridor Policy and Tourism Development in the Zambezi region, Namibia," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 33(4), pages 1000-1021, August.
    2. Brinkerhoff, Jennifer M. & Brinkerhoff, Derick W., 2021. "Partnership evaluation: An application of a developmental framework to the Governance and Local Development project in Senegal," Evaluation and Program Planning, Elsevier, vol. 89(C).

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