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Collateral Quality and Loan Default Risk: The Case of Vietnam

Author

Listed:
  • Chau H. A. Le

    () (University of Economics HCMC)

  • Hieu L. Nguyen

    () (University of Economics HCMC)

Abstract

In the transition economy of Vietnam, financial market is dominated by banking sector but commercial banks heavily rely on collateral-based lending. While the relationship between collateral and implied credit risk is still in debate, this paper provides additional empirical evidence regarding the heterogeneous effects and transmission channels of collateral characteristics on loan delinquency. Applying instrumental variable probit analysis on a unique dataset of 2295 internal loan accounts in Vietnam, we find the significantly negative impact of collateral quality on the probability of default of consumer loans, supporting the dominance of borrower selection and risk-shifting over lender selection effects. The finding implies that high-quality collateral not only signals more credible borrower but also fosters good behavior in using loan, enabling bank to mitigate adverse selection and moral hazard problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Chau H. A. Le & Hieu L. Nguyen, 2019. "Collateral Quality and Loan Default Risk: The Case of Vietnam," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 61(1), pages 103-118, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:compes:v:61:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1057_s41294-018-0072-6
    DOI: 10.1057/s41294-018-0072-6
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Phan Tran Minh Hung & Tran Thi Trang Dai & Phan Nguyen Bao Quynh & Le Duc Toan & Vo Hoang Diem Trinh, 2019. "The Relationship between Risk and Return - An Empirical Evidence from Real Estate Stocks Listed in Vietnam," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 9(11), pages 1211-1226, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank loan; Collateral-based lending; Collateral characteristics; Risk-shifting effect; Probability of default; Vietnam;

    JEL classification:

    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • C18 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Methodolical Issues: General

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