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Banking in Transition Countries

Author

Listed:
  • John Bonin

    () (Department of Economics, Wesleyan University)

  • Iftekhar Hasan

    () (Fordham University, 5 Columbus Circle, 11-22, New York, NY 10019)

  • Paul Wachtel

    () (Stern School of Business, New York University, New York NY 10012)

Abstract

Modern banking institutions were virtually non-existent in the planned economies of central Europe and the former Soviet Union. In the early transition period, banking sectors began to develop during several years of macroeconomic decline and turbulence accompanied by repeated bank crises. However, governments in many transition countries learned from these tumultuous experiences and eventually dealt successfully with the accumulated bad loans and lack of strong bank regulation. In addition, rapid progress in bank privatization and consolidation took place in the late 1990s and early 2000s, usually with the participation of foreign banks. By the mid 2000s the banking sectors in many transition countries were dominated by foreign owners and were able to provide a wide range of services. Credit growth resumed, sometimes too rapidly, particularly in the form of lending to households. The global financial crisis put transition banking to test. Countries that had expanded credit rapidly were vulnerable to the macroeconomic shock and there was considerable concern that foreign owners would reduce their funding to transition country subsidiaries. However, the banking sectors turned out to be resilient, a strong indication of the rapid progress in institutional development and regulatory capabilities in the transition countries.

Suggested Citation

  • John Bonin & Iftekhar Hasan & Paul Wachtel, 2013. "Banking in Transition Countries," Wesleyan Economics Working Papers 2013-008, Wesleyan University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wes:weswpa:2013-008
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    File URL: http://repec.wesleyan.edu/pdf/jbonin/2013008_bonin.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bonin, John P. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Wachtel, Paul, 2005. "Privatization matters: Bank efficiency in transition countries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8-9), pages 2155-2178, August.
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    3. Abarbanell, Jeffery S. & Meyendorff, Anna, 1997. "Bank Privatization in Post-Communist Russia: The Case of Zhilsotsbank," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 62-96, August.
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    5. Rainer Haselmann & Paul Wachtel, 2007. "Risk Taking by Banks in the Transition Countries," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 49(3), pages 411-429, September.
    6. Wachtel, Paul, 2001. "Growth and Finance: What Do We Know and How Do We Know It?," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(3), pages 335-362, Winter.
    7. de Haas, Ralph & van Lelyveld, Iman, 2006. "Foreign banks and credit stability in Central and Eastern Europe. A panel data analysis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(7), pages 1927-1952, July.
    8. Bonin, John P. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Wachtel, Paul, 2005. "Bank performance, efficiency and ownership in transition countries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 31-53, January.
    9. Paul Wachtel & Rainer Haselmann, 2006. "Institutions and Bank Behavior," Working Papers 06-16, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
    10. Popov, Alexander & Udell, Gregory F., 2012. "Cross-border banking, credit access, and the financial crisis," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 147-161.
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    Cited by:

    1. Słomka-Gołębiowska, Agnieszka & Urbanek, Piotr, 2016. "Corporate boards, large blockholders and executive compensation in banks: Evidence from Poland," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 203-220.
    2. Vlastimir Vukovic & Gradimir Kožetinac & Dusan Kostic, 2009. "Impact of Global Financial Crisis on Banking Profitability: The Case of Serbia," Book Chapters, Institute of Economic Sciences.
    3. Egert Juuse & Rainer Kattel, 2014. "Financial Regulation in Estonia," Working papers wpaper57, Financialisation, Economy, Society & Sustainable Development (FESSUD) Project.
    4. Vlastimir Vukovic & Zoran Rajkovic, 2012. "Financial Sector Progress in Serbia Toward European Integration," Book Chapters, Institute of Economic Sciences.
    5. Laura Cojocaru & Saul Hoffman & Jeffrey Miller, 2011. "Financial Development and Economic Growth in Transition Economies: Empirical Evidence from the CEE and CIS Countries," Working Papers 11-22, University of Delaware, Department of Economics.
    6. Evgeni Peev, 2015. "Institutions, economic liberalization and firm growth: evidence from European transition economies," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 40(1), pages 149-174, August.
    7. Bojana Radovanovic & Dragan Filimonovic, 2011. "Mergers and Acquisitions in Banking Sector: The Case of Western Balkan Countries," Book Chapters, Institute of Economic Sciences.
    8. Alin-Marius ANDRIEȘ & Florentina IEȘAN-MUNTEAN & Simona NISTOR, 2016. "The effectiveness of policy interventions in CEE countries," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 7, pages 93-124, June.
    9. Egert Juuse & Rainer Kattel, 2015. "Implications of the Transformation of the State-Owned Banking System into System of Foreign-Owned Banks in New Member States for Macroeconomic and Financial Stability," Working papers wpaper103, Financialisation, Economy, Society & Sustainable Development (FESSUD) Project.
    10. Egert Juuse & Rainer Kattel, 2014. "Financialisation and the Financial and Economic Crises: The Case of Estonia," FESSUD studies fstudy20, Financialisation, Economy, Society & Sustainable Development (FESSUD) Project.
    11. Jakhongir Kakhkharov & Alexandr Akimov, 2018. "Financial development in less-developed post-communist economies," Discussion Papers in Finance finance:201801, Griffith University, Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    transition banking; bank privatization; foreign banks; bank regulation; credit growth;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • P30 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - General
    • P34 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Finance
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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