IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

An analysis of the impact of tax and welfare reform measures on effective marginal tax rates in Australia 1982-2002


  • Alfred Michael Dockery

    () (Curtin University)

  • Paul Flatau

    (Murdoch University)


This paper uses a microsimulation model that permits interactions between taxes,government benefits and housing assistance parameters and data from various releases of the Survey of Income and Housing Costs to illustrate how the distribution of effective marginal tax rates has varied between the years of 1982, 1996, 2000 and 2002. The policy impact of changes in the tax-benefit system on effective marginal tax rates is then assessed by applying the real tax-benefit parameters from 1982, 1996 and 2002 to the household composition and income data from a base year (2000). The findings indicate that effective marginal tax rates have increased over the long-term. Even when the impacts of tax-benefit changes are isolated from changes in the composition of the population, policy changes have been insufficient to counteract increases in effective marginal tax rates that have been caused by compositional changes.

Suggested Citation

  • Alfred Michael Dockery & Paul Flatau, 2008. "An analysis of the impact of tax and welfare reform measures on effective marginal tax rates in Australia 1982-2002," Australian Journal of Labour Economics (AJLE), Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School, vol. 11(3), pages 203-226, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:ozl:journl:v:11:y:2008:i:3:p:203-226

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Nicolas Herault & Francisco Azpitarte, 2014. "Recent Trends in Income Redistribution in Australia: Can Changes in the Tax-Transfer System Account for the Decline in Redistribution?," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2014n02, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
    2. Rachel Ong & Gavin Wood & Melek Cigdem, 2013. "Work incentives and decisions to remain in paid work in Australia," Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre Working Paper series WP1312, Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School.

    More about this item


    Welfare and Poverty: Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs Labor and Demographic Economics: General Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies; includes inheritance and gift taxes;

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J00 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - General
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ozl:journl:v:11:y:2008:i:3:p:203-226. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Alan Duncan). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.