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Gender discrimination and intergenerational transmission of preferences


  • Luisa Escriche
  • Gonzalo Olcina
  • Rosario Sánchez


This paper provides an explanation for the existence of gender discrimination in the labour market focusing on the intergenerational transmission of preferences related to the attitude of women towards jobs and family. Changes in women's preferences over generations depend on the socialization efforts of their parents which in turn are influenced by both the firm's expected recruitment policy and the expected utility from household care. We obtain two types of steady state equilibria: the discriminatory equilibrium, in which women are segregated to low-paid jobs, and the non-discriminatory equilibrium, in which women are hired in highly-paid jobs. The conditions of convergence to each equilibrium are analysed. Copyright 2004, Oxford University Press.

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  • Luisa Escriche & Gonzalo Olcina & Rosario Sánchez, 2004. "Gender discrimination and intergenerational transmission of preferences," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 56(3), pages 485-511, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:56:y:2004:i:3:p:485-511

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Ruyssen, Ilse & Salomone, Sara, 2018. "Female migration: A way out of discrimination?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 224-241.
    3. Chen, Hung-Ju & Sultana, Rezina, 2013. "Job Reservation and Intergenerational Transmission of Preferences," MPRA Paper 45036, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Schumacher, Ingmar, 2015. "The endogenous formation of an environmental culture," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 200-221.
    5. Tasnim Khan & Rana Ejaz Ali Khan, 2009. "Urban Informal Sector: How Much Women Are Struggling for Family Survival," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 48(1), pages 67-95.
    6. Schumacher, Ingmar, 2009. "The dynamics of environmentalism and the environment," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(11), pages 2842-2849, September.
    7. Dessy, Sylvain & Djebbari, Habiba, 2005. "Career Choice, Marriage-Timing, and the Attraction of Unequals," IZA Discussion Papers 1561, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. repec:ipg:wpaper:13 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Hiller, Victor & Baudin, Thomas, 2016. "Cultural transmission and the evolution of gender roles," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 8-23.
    10. Ma Ángeles Díaz & Rosario Sánchez, 2011. "Gender and potential wage in Europe: a stochastic frontier approach," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 32(4), pages 410-425, July.
    11. Thomas Leoni, 2006. "The Issue of Gender Equality on the Labour Market in its Regional Dimension. The Case of Upper Austria," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 79(4), pages 315-328, April.
    12. Alberto Bisin & Thierry Verdier, 2010. "The Economics of Cultural Transmission and Socialization," NBER Working Papers 16512, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Dagmar Brožová & Dominik Stroukal, 2015. "Teorie preferencí a kariéra žen na českém trhu práce
      [Preference Theory and Women's Career Choice on the Czech Labour Market]
      ," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2015(3), pages 382-399.
    14. Zhou, Weina, 2014. "Brothers, household financial markets and savings rate in China," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 34-47.
    15. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:55:y:2017:i:3:p:1350-1369 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. M. Ángeles Díaz & Rosario Sánchez, 2013. "Young Workers, Marital Status And Wage Gap," Revista de Economia Aplicada, Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Estructura Economica y Economia Publica, vol. 21(1), pages 57-70, Spring.
    17. Empar Pons Blasco & Luisa Escriche Bertolín, 2009. "Who moves up the career ladder? A model of gender differences in job promotion," Working Papers. Serie AD 2009-23, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    18. Pichler, Michael, 2011. "The economics of cultural formation of preferences," Center for Mathematical Economics Working Papers 431, Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University.
    19. Michael R. Carter & Marco Castillo, 2011. "Trustworthiness and Social Capital in South Africa: Analysis of Actual Living Standards Data and Artifactual Field Experiments," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59(4), pages 695-722.
    20. repec:ipg:wpaper:2013-013 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Patricio Garcia-Minguez & Ausias Ribo Argemi, 2014. "Economics breeds culture," UB Economics Working Papers 2014/312, Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat d'Economia i Empresa, UB Economics.

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