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Does Land Reform Matter? Some Experiences from the Former Soviet Union

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  • Lerman, Zvi

Abstract

There is still no evidence that new farming structures created in the process of land reform have achieved higher productivity than traditional farms. The most striking achievements of reform include a sharp reduction in state ownership of land and a substantial increase in the share of individual farming relative to collective agriculture. Among the rural population, independent private farmers appear to be more optimistic and economically better off than members of collective farm enterprises. This provides qualitative evidence of a positive impact of reform, as private farmers are direct participants in the process of reform, while rural residents who choose to remain in collectives largely shirk exposure to reform and continue to work within a traditional framework. Copyright 1998 by Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Lerman, Zvi, 1998. "Does Land Reform Matter? Some Experiences from the Former Soviet Union," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 25(3), pages 307-330.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:erevae:v:25:y:1998:i:3:p:307-30
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    Cited by:

    1. Buchenrieder, Gertrud & Hanf, Jon Henrich & Pieniadz, Agata, 2009. "20 years of transition in the agri-food sector," German Journal of Agricultural Economics, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Department for Agricultural Economics, vol. 58(07), pages 1-9, October.
    2. Hofman, Irna & Visser, Oane, 2014. "Geographies of transition: The political and geographical factors of agrarian change in Tajikistan," IAMO Discussion Papers 199945, Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO).
    3. Hanisch, Markus & Beckmann, Volker & Boger, Silke & Brem, Markus, 2002. "In Search of the Market: Lessons from Analyzing Agricultural Transition in Central and Eastern Europe," 2002 International Congress, August 28-31, 2002, Zaragoza, Spain 24800, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Lerman, Zvi, 2001. "Agriculture in transition economies: from common heritage to divergence," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 26(2), pages 95-114, November.
    5. Petrick, Martin, 2013. "Competition for land and labour among individual farms and agricultural enterprises: Evidence from Kazakhstan's grain region
      [Der Wettbewerb zwischen Einzelbetrieben und Agrarunternehmen um Boden u
      ," IAMO Discussion Papers 141, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO).
    6. Hofman, Irna & Visser, Oane, 2014. "Geographies of transition: The political and geographical factors of agrarian change in Tajikistan
      [Geographien der Transformation: Die politischen und geographischen Faktoren der Landreform in Tad
      ," IAMO Discussion Papers 151, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO).
    7. Svetlov, Nikolai M. & Hockmann, Heinrich, 2009. "Optimal Farm Size in Russian Agriculture," 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China 51667, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    8. Zvi Lerman & Pepijn Schreinemachers, 2005. "Individual Farming as a Labour Sink: Evidence from Poland and Russia," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 47(4), pages 675-695, December.
    9. repec:bla:jageco:v:70:y:2019:i:3:p:789-811 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Martin Petrick & Linde Götz, 2019. "Herd Growth, Farm Organisation and Subsidies in the Dairy Sector of Russia and Kazakhstan," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 70(3), pages 789-811, September.
    11. Petrick, Martin, 2000. "Land reform in Moldova: how viable are emerging peasant farms? An assessment referring to a recent World Bank study," IAMO Discussion Papers 28, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO).
    12. Rizov, Marian, 2004. "Shift To Individual Farming And The Productivity Growth Of Transition Agriculture," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20116, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    13. Rizov, Marian, 2008. "Institutions, reform policies, and productivity growth in agriculture: Evidence from former communist countries," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 307-323.
    14. repec:zbw:iamodp:159071 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:zbw:iamodp:199945 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Svetlov, Nikolai M., 2007. "Corporate farm size determinants in transitional economy: the case of the Moscow region," 102nd Seminar, May 17-18, 2007, Moscow, Russia 10017, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    17. Spoor, M.N., 1999. "Agrarian transition in former Soviet Central Asia : a comparative study of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan," ISS Working Papers - General Series 19043, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
    18. Kimhi, Ayal, 2009. "Land Reform and Farm-Household Income Inequality: The Case of Georgia," Discussion Papers 54159, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Department of Agricultural Economics and Management.
    19. Zvi Lerman, 1999. "Land Reform and Farm Restructuring: What Has Been Accomplished to Date?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 271-275, May.

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