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Specialization and Diversification in Agricultural Transformation: The Case of West Punjab, 1903–92

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  • Takashi Kurosaki

Abstract

In this article, the role of crop specialization and diversification in agricultural transformation is investigated empirically. Changes in aggregate land productivity are associated structurally with inter-crop and inter-district reallocation of land use. Results from a region with the oldest history of agricultural commercialization in developing countries show that cropping patterns of subsistence agriculture changed substantially, with rising concentration of crop acreage in districts with higher and growing productivity. Rapid specialization in crop production was observed at the district level recently, after a phase with sporadic specialization. These changes reflected comparative advantage and contributed to the improvement in aggregate land productivity. Copyright 2003, Oxford University Press.

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  • Takashi Kurosaki, 2003. "Specialization and Diversification in Agricultural Transformation: The Case of West Punjab, 1903–92," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(2), pages 372-386.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:85:y:2003:i:2:p:372-386
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/1467-8276.00126
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    Cited by:

    1. Gupta, Bishnupriya, 2018. "Falling Behind and Catching up : India’s Transition from a Colonial Economy," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 1147, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
    2. Nilsson, Pia, 2017. "Assessing the Role of Land Use Consolidation for Consumption Growth in Rwanda," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 455, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    3. Singh, Amarendra Pratap & Narayanan, Krishnan, 2016. "How can weather affect crop area diversity? Panel data evidence from Andhra Pradesh, a rice growing state of India," Studies in Agricultural Economics, Research Institute for Agricultural Economics, vol. 118(2), August.
    4. Gupta, Bishnupriya, 2018. "Falling Behind and Catching up: India’s Transition from a Colonial Economy," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 355, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
    5. Chapoto, Antony & Mabiso, Athur & Bonsu, Adwinmea, 2013. "Agricultural commercialization, land expansion, and homegrown land-scale farmers: Insights from Ghana:," IFPRI discussion papers 1286, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Hayatullah Ahmadzai, 2017. "Status, patterns, and microeconomic drivers of the extent of diversity in crop production: Evidence from Afghanistan," Discussion Papers 2017-07, University of Nottingham, CREDIT.
    7. Kurosaki, Takashi, 2013. "Dynamics of Household Assets and Income Shocks in the Long-run Process of Economic Development: The Case of Rural Pakistan," PRIMCED Discussion Paper Series 39, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    8. Klasen, Stephan & Meyer, Katrin M. & Dislich, Claudia & Euler, Michael & Faust, Heiko & Gatto, Marcel & Hettig, Elisabeth & Melati, Dian N. & Jaya, I. Nengah Surati & Otten, Fenna & Pérez-Cruzado, Cés, 2016. "Economic and ecological trade-offs of agricultural specialization at different spatial scales," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(C), pages 111-120.
    9. Kimenju, Simon C. & Tschirley, David L., 2008. "Agriculture and Livelihood Diversification in Kenyan Rural Households," Working Papers 202614, Egerton University, Tegemeo Institute of Agricultural Policy and Development.

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