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Macroeconomic, Market and Bank-Specific Determinants of the Net Interest Margin in Austria

Author

Listed:
  • Ulrich Gunter

    () (MODUL University Vienna, Department of Tourism and Service Management)

  • Gerald Krenn

    () (Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Financial Markets Analysis and Surveillance Division)

  • Michael Sigmund

    () (Oesterreichische Nationalbank, Financial Markets Analysis and Surveillance Division)

Abstract

The objective of this article is to identify key determinants of the net interest margin (NIM) in the Austrian banking sector. In Austria, the NIM is one of the most important income drivers of banks given the importance of relationship banking, where interest income dominates other sources of revenue. However, the NIM differs substantially among Austrian banks. Drawing on a unique supervisory dataset for the Austrian banking sector of around 42,000 observations between the first quarter of 1996 and the second quarter of 2012, we analyze under which circumstances a bank has a relatively high or low NIM. We contribute to the empirical literature on the NIM by factoring in a bank’s business model in terms of its balance sheet structure and by accounting for the financial crisis from the third quarter of 2007 onward. Our estimation results suggest that not only the determinants identified in the existing empirical literature (different types of non-interest income and expenses, various risk measures, competition, macroeconomic environment) have a significant influence on the NIM, but also our two innovations (balance sheet structure, financial crisis).

Suggested Citation

  • Ulrich Gunter & Gerald Krenn & Michael Sigmund, 2013. "Macroeconomic, Market and Bank-Specific Determinants of the Net Interest Margin in Austria," Financial Stability Report, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 25, pages 87-101.
  • Handle: RePEc:onb:oenbfs:y:2013:i:25:b:4
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    File URL: https://www.oenb.at/dam/jcr:c0e8dc99-0b2b-4cb9-b3cd-44aafb449a66/fsr_25_report_special_topics4_tcm16-256590.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Hansen, Lars Peter, 1982. "Large Sample Properties of Generalized Method of Moments Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 1029-1054, July.
    2. Markus Leibrecht & Martin Schneider, 2006. "AQM-06: The Macro economic Model of the OeNB," Working Papers 132, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
    3. Delis, Manthos D. & Kouretas, Georgios P., 2011. "Interest rates and bank risk-taking," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 840-855, April.
    4. Nicolas Albacete & Pirmin Fessler & Martin Schürz, 2012. "Risk Buffer Profiles of Foreign Currency Mortgage Holders," Financial Stability Report, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 23, pages 58-71.
    5. Memmel, Christoph & Schertler, Andrea, 2011. "Banks' management of the net interest margin: Evidence from Germany," Discussion Paper Series 2: Banking and Financial Studies 2011,13, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    6. Entrop, Oliver & Memmel, Christoph & Ruprecht, Benedikt & Wilkens, Marco, 2015. "Determinants of bank interest margins: Impact of maturity transformation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1-19.
    7. Daniel Hoechle, 2007. "Robust standard errors for panel regressions with cross-sectional dependence," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 7(3), pages 281-312, September.
    8. Keeley, Michael C, 1990. "Deposit Insurance, Risk, and Market Power in Banking," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(5), pages 1183-1200, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Stefan Kerbl & Michael Sigmund, 2016. "From low to negative rates: an asymmetric dilemma," Financial Stability Report, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 32, pages 120-137.
    2. Raja Almarzoqi & Sami Ben Naceur, 2015. "Determinants of Bank Interest Margins in the Caucasus and Central Asia," IMF Working Papers 15/87, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Iktimal Abdel Reda & Husam Rjoub & Ahmad Abu Alrub, 2016. "The Determinants of Banks¡¯ Profitability under Basel Regulations: Evidence from Lebanon," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 8(10), pages 206-219, October.
    4. International Monetary Fund, 2014. "Republic of Azerbaijan; Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 14/160, International Monetary Fund.
    5. repec:bla:ecnote:v:46:y:2017:i:3:p:555-586 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Net interest margin; balance sheet structure; panel estimation;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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