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Financial sector amplification and credit cycles in New Zealand


  • Rebecca Craigie
  • Anella Munro

    (Reserve Bank of New Zealand)


This article explores some of the channels through which the financial system may amplify business cycles in New Zealand. Such amplification (‘procyclicality’) has been of interest for decades when considering financial booms and crises. There has been particular interest recently in understanding mechanisms through which the financial sector contributed to both the expansion of credit in 2003-07 and the subsequent pressure to reduce leverage during the financial crisis. This article focuses the discussion on New Zealand with emphasis on the credit boom of 2003-07 and the recent fall in credit growth, though the latter has been modest by international standards.

Suggested Citation

  • Rebecca Craigie & Anella Munro, 2010. "Financial sector amplification and credit cycles in New Zealand," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bulletin, Reserve Bank of New Zealand, vol. 73, pages 15-34, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:nzb:nzbbul:june2010:3

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. David Aikman & Piergiorgio Alessandri & Bruno Eklund & Prasanna Gai & Sujit Kapadia & Elizabeth Martin & Nada Mora & Gabriel Sterne & Matthew Willison, 2011. "Funding Liquidity Risk in a Quantitative Model of Systemic Stability," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Rodrigo Alfaro (ed.), Financial Stability, Monetary Policy, and Central Banking, edition 1, volume 15, chapter 12, pages 371-410 Central Bank of Chile.
    2. Charles T. Carlstrom & Timothy S. Fuerst, 2001. "Monetary policy in a world without perfect capital markets," Working Paper 0115, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    3. Bernanke, Ben S. & Gertler, Mark & Gilchrist, Simon, 1999. "The financial accelerator in a quantitative business cycle framework," Handbook of Macroeconomics,in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 21, pages 1341-1393 Elsevier.
    4. Andrea Gerali & Stefano Neri & Luca Sessa & Federico M. Signoretti, 2010. "Credit and Banking in a DSGE Model of the Euro Area," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 42(s1), pages 107-141, September.
    5. Aoki, Kosuke & Proudman, James & Vlieghe, Gertjan, 2004. "House prices, consumption, and monetary policy: a financial accelerator approach," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 414-435, October.
    6. Don H Kim & Mico Loretan & Eli M Remolona, 2010. "Contagion and risk premia in the amplification of crisis: evidence from Asian names in the global CDS market," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), The international financial crisis and policy challenges in Asia and the Pacific, volume 52, pages 318-339 Bank for International Settlements.
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    Cited by:

    1. Daan Steenkamp, 2010. "New Zealand’s imbalances in a cross-country context," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bulletin, Reserve Bank of New Zealand, vol. 73, pages 37-49, December.
    2. Tony Wolken, 2013. "Measuring systemic risk: the role of macro-prudential indicators," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bulletin, Reserve Bank of New Zealand, vol. 76, pages 13-30, December.
    3. Lamorna Rogers, 2013. "A new approach to macro-prudential policy for New Zealand," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bulletin, Reserve Bank of New Zealand, vol. 76, pages 12-22, September.

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