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Case Study: Independent migration commissions in Europe: The case of Austria

Author

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  • Gudrun Biffl

    () (Faculty of Business and Globalization where she is the Head of Department for Migration and Globalization and Knowledge and Communication Management at Danube University Krems, Dr.-Karl-Dorrek-Strasse 30 A-3500 Krems, Austria)

Abstract

Austrian migration policy changed from a demand driven guest worker model be-tween the 1960s and 1980s to chain migration, family reunion and refugee migration in the 1990s. Membership to the EU in 1995 was accompanied by economic migration from other EU-member states due to faster-than-average economic growth in Austria. Population ageing and insufficient investment in further education and training led to labour scarcities and migration policy reforms in 2011 and gave employer demand a key role in selecting immigrants under a point-system adapted from the Canadian and Australian models. While many elements of the Austrian system are highly developed, there is insufficient coordination among federal agencies. Austria may look to the coordinator of integration policies as a model for improving the coordination of policies to guide skilled labour migration.

Suggested Citation

  • Gudrun Biffl, 2014. "Case Study: Independent migration commissions in Europe: The case of Austria," Migration Letters, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 11(1), pages 43-53, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:mig:journl:v:11:y:2014:i:1:p:43-53
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Decressin, Jorg & Fatas, Antonio, 1995. "Regional labor market dynamics in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 1627-1655, December.
    2. Gudrun Biffl, 2000. "Deregulation of Placement Services. The Case of Austria," Austrian Economic Quarterly, WIFO, vol. 5(1), pages 35-51, February.
    3. Gerhard Fenz & Martin Schneider, 2004. "Macroeconomic Models and Forecasts for Austria," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 4, pages 73-76.
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