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A tulajdonosi hálózatok felbomlása. A rekombináns tulajdonformák szerepe és a hazai nagyvállalatok tulajdonszerkezetének jellemzői a kilencvenes évek végén
[The break-up of the ownership networks. The role of recombinant ownership forms and the features of the ownership structure of big Hungarian firms at the end of the 1990s]

  • Vedres, Balázs
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    A tanulmány központi kérdése az, hogy vajon a kilencvenes évek végére mennyire maradtak jellemzők a nagyvállalati tulajdonszerkezetre azok a posztszocialista (hálózati, rekombináns, elaprózott) tulajdonszerkezeti formák, amelyeket a gazdaságszociológusok a kilencvenes évek elején kimutattak. A kiindulópontul szolgáló hipotéziseket a legnagyobb 500 hazai vállalat tulajdonszerkezetének az elemzésével vizsgáltuk meg. Az elemzés során kitűnt, hogy bár a hazai vállalatok tulajdonosi szerepe nem elhanyagolható, a rekombináns tulajdonforma súlya ma már elenyésző, nem jellemző a szövevényes tulajdonosi csoportba rendeződés. A posztszocialista tulajdonformák hipotézisei ma már elvethetők, a tulajdonszerkezetet a szélsőséges koncentráltság jellemzi leginkább, amelyben a külföldi nem pénzügyi vállalatoknak jelentős szerepe van. A külföldi vállalati tulajdonosok pozitív hatással vannak mind a vállalati hatékonyságra, mind a növekedésre, ami ezen a csoporton kívül csak a hazai magánszemélyi tulajdonosok esetében mondható el.

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    Article provided by Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) in its journal Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences).

    Volume (Year): XLVII (2000)
    Issue (Month): 9 ()
    Pages: 680-699

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    Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:345
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    Order Information: Postal: Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation) Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., 1112, Hungary
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    1. Stijn Claessens & Simeon Djankov, 1999. "Ownership Concentration and Corporate Performance in the Czech Republic," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 227, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    2. Gary Gorton & Matthias Kahl, 1999. "Blockholder Identity, Equity Ownership Structures and Hostile Takeovers," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 99-19, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
    3. D. Stark, 1996. "Recombinant Property in East European Capitalism," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 6, pages -.
    4. Bruszt, László & Stark, David, 1996. "Vállalatközi tulajdonosi hálózatok a kelet-európai kapitalizmusban
      [Inter-enterprise ownership networks in the East European capitalism]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(3), pages 183-203.
    5. F.H. Buckley, 1997. "The Canadian Keiretsu," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 9(4), pages 46-57.
    6. Stark, David & Gernot Grabher, -, 1996. "A szervezett sokféleség evolúcióelmélet, hálózatelemzés és a posztszocialista átalakulás
      [Organizing diversity: evolutionary theory, network analisys, and postsocialist transformation]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(9), pages 745-769.
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