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Former Officials and Subsidies to State-owned Enterprises

Author

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  • Heechul Min

    () (Department of Economics, Hansung University)

Abstract

Former officials in business are often blamed for abusing their connections to the government to distort public policy to their advantage. This paper examines the extent of rents to former officials by analyzing subsidy allocation among state-owned enterprises in Korea. Defining connected CEOs as former members of the National Assembly or government officials, I have estimated the effects of connected CEOs on attracting government subsidies. Substantial replacement of CEOs after the change of political leadership, a unique feature of state-owned enterprises of Korea, helps cleaner identification than other related studies relying only on cross-sectional variations. The empirical evidence is consistent with a hypothesis that connected CEOs are more likely than others to attract state subsidy. This relationship seems stronger in case of CEOs from the relevant offices and weaker when the competing recipients have strong connections. Given the data limitation, however, part of the estimated effects may come from expertise rather than connections especially for former bureaucrats.

Suggested Citation

  • Heechul Min, 2011. "Former Officials and Subsidies to State-owned Enterprises," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 36(2), pages 1-13, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jed:journl:v:36:y:2011:i:2:p:1-13
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    File URL: http://www.jed.or.kr/full-text/36-2/1.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Yoshiro Miwa & J. Mark Ramseyer, 2005. "Who Appoints Them, What Do They Do? Evidence on Outside Directors from Japan," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(2), pages 299-337, June.
    2. Jinyoung Hwang, 2002. "A Note On The Relationship Between Corruption And Government Revenue," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 27(2), pages 161-177, December.
    3. ,, 2009. "Economics of Monetary Union," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, edition 8, number 9780199563234.
    4. Asim Ijaz Khwaja & Atif Mian, 2005. "Do Lenders Favor Politically Connected Firms? Rent Provision in an Emerging Financial Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 120(4), pages 1371-1411.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    State-owned Enterprise; Subsidies; Political Connection;

    JEL classification:

    • D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
    • L32 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Public Enterprises; Public-Private Enterprises
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies

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