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Factor Market Dualism, Small Scale Industry and Labor Absorption

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  • Jaleel Ahmad

    (Concordia University)

Abstract

This paper takes a closer look at the dualistic nature of labor and credit markets in developing countries in so far as their functioning is relevant for labor absorption in small scale industry. The potential for absorption of excess labor from the ¡°informal¡± urban market in the small scale industry is assessed within the framework of a modified ¡°specific factors¡± model. The paper concludes that segmentation in labor and credit markets in developing countries is asymmetric in its implications for labor absorption in small scale industry. While the high cost of capital and its unavailability to small scale industry is a serious constraint, the availability of a pool of unemployed labor in the urban informal labor market, and at a significantly lower wage, offers an unexploited opportunity. However, this is conditional on a policy regime that shifts domestic demand towards the output of small scale industry.

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  • Jaleel Ahmad, 2000. "Factor Market Dualism, Small Scale Industry and Labor Absorption," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 25(1), pages 111-126, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jed:journl:v:25:y:2000:i:1:p:111-126
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    1. Bell, Clive, 1988. "Credit markets and interlinked transactions," Handbook of Development Economics,in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 16, pages 763-830 Elsevier.
    2. Mazumdar, Dipak, 1976. "The urban informal sector," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 4(8), pages 655-679, August.
    3. Yap, Lorene Y. L., 1976. "Rural-urban migration and urban underemployment in Brazil," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 227-243, September.
    4. Yap, Lorene Y. L., 1977. "The attraction of cities : A review of the migration literature," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 239-264, September.
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