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La cuestionable convergencia entre las reformas estructurales y la competitividad de la economía mexicana


  • Gómez-Chiñas, Carlos

    () (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana)

  • Buzo-de la Peña, Ricardo M.

    (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana)

  • Heras-Villanueva, Miguel

    (Escuela Superior de Economía del Instituto Politécnico Nacional)


En el presente artículo se hace hincapié que nuestro país se encamina a una cuarta década de bajo crecimiento económico. Una causa fundamental de tal letargo descansa en las medidas económicas implantadas por los gobiernos mexicanos, sugeridas en muchos casos y en otros, condicionadas por los organismos multilaterales. La presente administración del presidente Peña Nieto no es la excepción, pues comenzó con el acuerdo de consensos políticos para llevar a cabo una serie reformas. Para diagnosticarlas, se realizó un análisis de las bases que les dieron coherencia, así como un recuento de las mismas. Por otro lado, se planteo que la incapacidad de la presente administración para lograr las metas planteadas, descansa en la aberración de “más de lo mismo”, dejando de lado planteamientos alternos vinculados con la búsqueda de la equidad y el cambio estructural./ In this paper, it is emphasized the fact that our country is heading for a fourth decade of low economic growth. A fundamental cause of this lethargy rests on economic measures implemented by the Mexican government, whether suggested or conditioned by multilateral agencies. The present administration of president Peña Nieto is not the exception, as it began with the agreement of political consensus to carry out a series of reforms. To diagnose such reforms, it is conducted an analysis of the bases that gave them coherence, as well as their features. On the other hand, we argue that the inability of the present administration to achieve the goals set, rests on the aberration of “more of the same”, leaving aside alternative approaches linked to the pursuit of equity and structural change.

Suggested Citation

  • Gómez-Chiñas, Carlos & Buzo-de la Peña, Ricardo M. & Heras-Villanueva, Miguel, 2016. "La cuestionable convergencia entre las reformas estructurales y la competitividad de la economía mexicana," eseconomía, Escuela Superior de Economía, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, vol. 11(45), pages 7-32, Segundo s.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipn:esecon:v:11:y:2016:i:45:p:7-32

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Li,Yining, 2012. "Economic Reform and Development in China," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107024052.
    2. Dotsey, Michael & Li, Wenli & Yang, Fang, 2015. "Home production and Social Security reform," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 131-150.
    3. ., 2012. "International reforms," Chapters,in: The Age of Austerity, chapter 5, pages 106-135 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Farole, Thomas & Reis, Jose Guilherme & Wagle, Swarnim, 2010. "Analyzing trade competitiveness : a diagnostics approach," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5329, The World Bank.
    5. ., 2012. "Privatization and Structural Reforms," Chapters,in: Regulatory Reform of Public Utilities, chapter 13, pages 203-220 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Si-ming Li, 2012. "China's Housing Reform and Outcomes," Housing Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(8), pages 1213-1214, November.
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    More about this item


    competitividad; cambio estructural; crecimiento; desarrollo económico; productividad./ competitiveness; structural change; economic development; productivity.;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • E66 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General Outlook and Conditions
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries


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