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Rising Population and Food Insecurity Linkages in Pakistan: Testing Malthusian Population Growth Theory


  • Khalil Ahmad

    (National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E), Lahore, Pakistan.)

  • Amjad Ali

    (University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.)


Purpose: Specific amount of food and safe drinking water are basic necessities of living humanbeings. The human population of the universe is touching its highest level and counted more than seven billion, it is going towards facing a great famine as predicated by Malthus (1798). The positive and preventive checks of Malthus (1798) can be observed empirically in different parts of the world (Swaminathan and Feng 1994). The study has tested the population theory of Malthus in case of Pakistan. Methodology: For investigating the long run relationship among the variables of the model Johanson cointegration technique is applied. For examining the short run dynamic Error Correction Model (ECM) is applied. Findings: The results of the study of the study supported that the Malthusian theory about the population and income growth in the case of Pakistan. Recommendations: Furthermore, higher population growth rate increases the food insecurity not only in long run but also in short run in case of Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • Khalil Ahmad & Amjad Ali, 2016. "Rising Population and Food Insecurity Linkages in Pakistan: Testing Malthusian Population Growth Theory," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 4(1), pages 1-8, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijr:journl:v:4:y:2016:i:1:p:1-8

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Shaid Manzoor Shah & Amir Nazir, 2018. "Linkages between Food Security and Human Well Bing in South Asia: An Empirical Analysis," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 7(4), pages 197-207, December.

    More about this item


    Population growth; Food insecurity; Gross domestic product; Consumer prices;

    JEL classification:

    • A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics


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