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An Evaluation of the Exchange Rate Forecasting Performance of the New Keynesian Model

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  • Francis Vitek

Abstract

This paper evaluates the dynamic out-of-sample nominal exchange rate forecasting performance of the canonical New Keynesian model of a small open economy. A novel Bayesian procedure for jointly estimating the hyperparameters and trend components of a state space representation of an approximate linear panel unobserved components representation of this New Keynesian model, conditional on prior information concerning the values of hyperparameters and trend components, is developed and applied for this purpose. In agreement with the existing empirical literature, the paper finds that nominal exchange rate movements are difficult to forecast, with a random walk generally dominating the canonical New Keynesian model of a small open economy in terms of predictive accuracy at all horizons. Nevertheless, the paper finds empirical support for the common practice in the theoretical open economy macroeconomics literature of imposing deterministic equality restrictions on deep structural parameters across economies, both in-sample and out-of-sample.

Suggested Citation

  • Francis Vitek, 2007. "An Evaluation of the Exchange Rate Forecasting Performance of the New Keynesian Model," The IUP Journal of Financial Economics, IUP Publications, vol. 0(4), pages 31-56, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:icf:icfjfe:v:05:y:2007:i:4:p:31-56
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth, 1995. "Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(3), pages 624-660, June.
    2. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2001. "The Six Major Puzzles in International Macroeconomics: Is There a Common Cause?," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2000, Volume 15, pages 339-412 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Klein, Paul, 2000. "Using the generalized Schur form to solve a multivariate linear rational expectations model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 24(10), pages 1405-1423, September.
    4. Jordi Galí & Tommaso Monacelli, 2005. "Monetary Policy and Exchange Rate Volatility in a Small Open Economy," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(3), pages 707-734.
    5. Cheung, Yin-Wong & Chinn, Menzie D. & Pascual, Antonio Garcia, 2005. "Empirical exchange rate models of the nineties: Are any fit to survive?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(7), pages 1150-1175, November.
    6. Francis Vitek, 2005. "An Unobserved Components Model of the Monetary Transmission Mechanism in a Small Open Economy," Macroeconomics 0512019, EconWPA, revised 06 Feb 2006.
    7. Hodrick, Robert J & Prescott, Edward C, 1997. "Postwar U.S. Business Cycles: An Empirical Investigation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 29(1), pages 1-16, February.
    8. Meese, Richard A. & Rogoff, Kenneth, 1983. "Empirical exchange rate models of the seventies : Do they fit out of sample?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1-2), pages 3-24, February.
    9. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F47 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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