IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

A Disequilibrium Analysis of the Japanese Loan Market : Were the Post-bubble Periods in Disequilibrium?


  • Liu, Zhentao
  • Asako, Kazumi


The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether demand and supply have been equilibrated in the Japanese bank loan market over the period especially after the bubble era, and if not, what the main reasons are for this state of disequilibrium. For this purpose, we have improved and extended the analysis of Asako and Uchino (1987) by taking into account notable changes in the Japanese economy. We conclude that situation of the Japanese loan market has basically been same as in the old days of Asako and Uchino (1987), although the prevailing state of disequilibrium has shifted from excess demand to excess supply. The market loan rate lacks a mechanism for rapid adjustment towards the market equilibrium rate and it is instead guided by some policy-related interest rate that does not clear the market.

Suggested Citation

  • Liu, Zhentao & Asako, Kazumi, 2011. "A Disequilibrium Analysis of the Japanese Loan Market : Were the Post-bubble Periods in Disequilibrium?," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 52(1), pages 87-111, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:hitjec:v:52:y:2011:i:1:p:87-111

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mark Gertler & Simon Gilchrist, 1994. "Monetary Policy, Business Cycles, and the Behavior of Small Manufacturing Firms," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 109(2), pages 309-340.
    2. Bernanke, Ben & Gertler, Mark & Gilchrist, Simon, 1996. "The Financial Accelerator and the Flight to Quality," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(1), pages 1-15, February.
    3. Ramey, Garey & Ramey, Valerie A, 1995. "Cross-Country Evidence on the Link between Volatility and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1138-1151, December.
    4. Ben S. Bernanke & Cara S. Lown, 1991. "The Credit Crunch," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(2), pages 205-248.
    5. Kashyap, Anil K & Stein, Jeremy C & Wilcox, David W, 1993. "Monetary Policy and Credit Conditions: Evidence from the Composition of External Finance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(1), pages 78-98, March.
    6. Barro, Robert J & Grossman, Herschel I, 1971. "A General Disequilibrium Model of Income and Employment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(1), pages 82-93, March.
    7. Takeo Hoshi & Anil Kashyap, 2004. "Corporate Financing and Governance in Japan: The Road to the Future," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262582481, January.
    8. Lang, William W. & Nakamura, Leonard I., 1995. "'Flight to quality' in banking and economic activity," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 145-164, August.
    9. Fair, Ray C & Jaffee, Dwight M, 1972. "Methods of Estimation for Markets in Disequilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 40(3), pages 497-514, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Disequilibriumanalysis; Short-side; Japanese Loan Market; Post-bubble Periods;

    JEL classification:

    • C34 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models
    • D53 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Financial Markets
    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hit:hitjec:v:52:y:2011:i:1:p:87-111. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Digital Resources Section, Hitotsubashi University Library). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.