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The Approach of SMEs to Using the Customer Databases and CRM: Empirical Study in the Slovak Republic

Author

Listed:
  • Lenka Ližbetinová

    () (The Institute of Technology and Business in Ceske Budejovice, Faculty of Corporate Strategy, 370 01 České Budějovice, Czech Republic)

  • Peter Štarchoň

    () (Faculty of Multimedia Communications, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic)

  • Dagmar Weberová

    () (Faculty of Multimedia Communications, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic)

  • Eva Nedeliaková

    () (Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications, University of Zilina, 010 26 Žilina, Slovakia)

  • Martina Juříková

    () (Faculty of Multimedia Communications, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic)

Abstract

Sustainability of (small and medium-sized enterprises) SMEs in a globalized economy depends on several factors. According to available studies, effective Customer Relationship Management (CRM) is one of the factors affecting the competitiveness of SMEs in a positive way. This paper is focused on creating customer databases and on using the CRM strategy in SMEs in Slovakia. The aim of the paper is to cluster SMEs in Slovakia based on using customer databases and CRM and to identify differences in clusters according to the selected attributes. The outputs of the research focused on marketing communication and on creating the CRM strategy in Slovak enterprises are presented in the paper. Quantitative nonexperimental research using the questionnaires was conducted at the end of 2017 and throughout the year 2018. The research results are based on the responses of 1009 Slovak SMEs. Basic descriptive statistics, K-means cluster analysis, Analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Tukey HSD test were used to process the data. The resulting clusters show three typical attitudes of Slovak SMEs to creating the database, using the CRM and its effectiveness. Moreover, attitude to the application of ethical principles and holistic, integrated, and socially responsible marketing are presented in the clusters. Following the results, the fact that SMEs can be divided into the three following clusters with equal size can be stated: 1st cluster (in 92.2% and consisting of micro- and small-sized enterprises), customer databases are created for the purpose of marketing communication; 2nd cluster, consisting of the highest percentage of medium-sized enterprises and enterprises with foreign equity participation using the customer databases and CRM; and 3rd cluster characterized with smaller-sized enterprises with domestic property not focused on marketing communication and using the customer databases. The research results provide the basis for further research and support for small and medium-sized enterprises.

Suggested Citation

  • Lenka Ližbetinová & Peter Štarchoň & Dagmar Weberová & Eva Nedeliaková & Martina Juříková, 2019. "The Approach of SMEs to Using the Customer Databases and CRM: Empirical Study in the Slovak Republic," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(1), pages 1-21, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2019:i:1:p:227-:d:302294
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    SMEs; customer database; CRM; marketing trends; Slovakia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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