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Environmental Efficiency of Organic and Conventional Cotton in Benin

Author

Listed:
  • Régina D.C. Bonou-zin

    () (Département d’économie et de sociologie appliquée à l’agriculture, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Madinat Al Irfane, B.P. 6202, Rabat 10101, Morocco
    Département d’économie et de sociologie rurales, Faculté d’Agronomie, Université de Parakou, Parakou BP 123, Bénin)

  • Khalil Allali

    () (Département d’économie et de sociologie appliquée à l’agriculture, Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Madinat Al Irfane, B.P. 6202, Rabat 10101, Morocco
    Ecole Nationale d’Agriculture de Meknès (Morocco), Département d’Economie Rurale, B.P. S/40, Meknès 50001, Morocco)

  • Aziz Fadlaoui

    () (Department of Management of Natural Resources, Economics and Sociology and Quality, Regional Agricultural Research Center, Meknes, BP 578 (VN), Meknès 50000, Morocco)

Abstract

Recent years have seen an increasing awareness of the relative advantage of organic and conventional agriculture. This study aims to analyze the environmental efficiency of organic and conventional cotton in Benin. A Translog hyperbolic distance function which allows us to consider the joint production of desirable and undesirable output is used to analyze the environmental efficiency among organic and conventional cotton production farmers. The model includes factors that affect environmental efficiency. Greenhouse gas (GHG) was used as an indicator of undesirable output. Data were collected from 355 cotton producers (180 organics and 175 conventional) randomly selected in the cotton belt of Northern Benin. The results show that although organic cotton producers contribute less to GHG emission, they are environmentally inefficient compared to their conventional counterparts. Producers could improve the quantity of cotton produced by 27% and 17% while reducing emissions by 21% and 14% respectively for both organic and conventional cotton to achieve better environmental performance. However, the analysis of the shadow price revealed that organic cotton producers face lower opportunity cost than conventional producers. These results suggest that there is a need for more technical support and environmental education to improve the environmental efficiency of organic cotton in Benin.

Suggested Citation

  • Régina D.C. Bonou-zin & Khalil Allali & Aziz Fadlaoui, 2019. "Environmental Efficiency of Organic and Conventional Cotton in Benin," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(11), pages 1-17, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:11:p:3044-:d:235450
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    environmental efficiency; organic; conventional; cotton; shadow price; undesirable output; Benin;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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