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Social Capital, Human Capital, and Sustainability: A Bibliometric and Visualization Analysis


  • Fernando J. Garrigos-Simon

    () (Departamento de Organización de Empresas, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain)

  • M. Dolores Botella-Carrubi

    () (INEDE Business School, Catholic University of Valencia ‘San Vicente Martir’, 46008 Valencia, Spain)

  • Tomas F. Gonzalez-Cruz

    () (Business Department, University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain)


Academic interest in social and human capital is growing significantly. Similarly, their relationship with sustainability is increasing, especially compared to sustainability’s relationship with natural capital and financial and economic capital. Bibliometric and visualization research on these relationships is nonetheless insufficient. This study analyzes the evolution of the literature on natural capital, financial and economic capital, and social and human capital related to sustainability. On the other hand, the study presents a bibliometric analysis on social capital and human capital (SHC) related to sustainability. The article studies 635 references collected from the Web of Science (WoS) Core Collection database and utilizes visualization of similarities (VOS) viewer program to graphically map the material. The analysis involves co-occurrence of keywords, co-citation, and co-authorship. The results reveal not only the state of the art and the leading trends, but also the evolution regarding impact, main journals, documents, topics, authors, institutions, and countries. The study provides researchers and practitioners with a visual and schematic frame of the research on this topic.

Suggested Citation

  • Fernando J. Garrigos-Simon & M. Dolores Botella-Carrubi & Tomas F. Gonzalez-Cruz, 2018. "Social Capital, Human Capital, and Sustainability: A Bibliometric and Visualization Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(12), pages 1-19, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:12:p:4751-:d:190175

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    More about this item


    social capital; human capital; bibliometrics; visualization;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products


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