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Can Decarbonisation and Capacity Market Go Together? The Case Study of Poland

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  • Aleksandra Komorowska

    (Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 31-261 Kraków, Poland)

Abstract

In recent years, numerous countries have introduced or considered capacity markets as remuneration mechanisms for long-term capacity adequacy. Since adequacy is frequently linked with thermal power generation, there is an ongoing debate as to whether this instrument could impact decarbonisation. In this context, the paper presents a quantitative assessment of the consequences of introducing a capacity market on decarbonisation pathways. The Polish power system is taken as an example due to its heavy dependence on fossil fuels. To this end, a computable model of the Polish power system is developed and applied to the study of two research scenarios. The first scenario presents the power system without introducing a capacity market, while the latter considers the system with a capacity market in place. The analysis shows that the introduction of a capacity market delays the decarbonisation of the power system and has a negative impact on carbon neutrality. Even though coal-fired units are phased out, they are mainly replaced by natural gas. The method and model developed within this study can be applied to countries where a capacity market is being discussed, and fossil fuels continue to play a dominant role.

Suggested Citation

  • Aleksandra Komorowska, 2021. "Can Decarbonisation and Capacity Market Go Together? The Case Study of Poland," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(16), pages 1-35, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:14:y:2021:i:16:p:5151-:d:618373
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Przemysław Kaszyński & Aleksandra Komorowska & Krzysztof Zamasz & Grzegorz Kinelski & Jacek Kamiński, 2021. "Capacity Market and (the Lack of) New Investments: Evidence from Poland," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(23), pages 1-17, November.

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