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Taylor rule deviations and financial imbalances

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  • George A. Kahn

Abstract

Over the last quarter century, the U.S. economy has faced a number of financial shocks originating in a variety of sectors and locations around the globe. While most of these crises have had little or no effect on the United States, the recent financial crisis caused the worst U.S. recession since the Great Depression. ; The causes of these crises are varied. To some extent, however, a buildup of financial imbalances preceded each crisis. In some cases, asset prices rose to unsustainable levels inconsistent with market fundamentals. In other cases, a buildup of foreign debt precipitated a currency crisis. A key question for policymakers is whether policy actions taken in the period leading up to the crisis leaned against, or contributed to, the building imbalances. ; Kahn explores whether policy actions taken in the period leading up to the recent financial crisis inadvertently exacerbated financial imbalances by keeping policy-controlled interest rates too low for too long. He uses deviations from Taylor rules as indicators of interest rates being held too low and considers a number of indicators of financial imbalances. While there appears to be a statistically significant relationship between Taylor rule deviations and a number of financial indicators, their economic significance is mixed.

Suggested Citation

  • George A. Kahn, 2010. "Taylor rule deviations and financial imbalances," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, vol. 95(Q II), pages 63-99.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedker:y:2010:i:qii:p:63-99:n:v.95no.2
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    1. Beckmann, Joscha & Belke, Ansgar & Dreger, Christian, 2017. "The relevance of international spillovers and asymmetric effects in the Taylor rule," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 162-170.
    2. Christian Hott & Terhi Jokipii, 2012. "Housing Bubbles and Interest Rates," Working Papers 2012-07, Swiss National Bank.
    3. John B. Taylor, 2014. "The Role of Policy in the Great Recession and the Weak Recovery," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(5), pages 61-66, May.
    4. Fitwi, Abrar M. & Hein, Scott E. & Mercer, Jeffrey M., 2015. "The U.S. housing price bubble: Bernanke versus Taylor," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 62-80.
    5. John B. Taylor, 2014. "Causes of the Financial Crisis and the Slow Recovery: A Ten-Year Perspective," Book Chapters, in: Martin Neil Baily & John B. Taylor (ed.), Across the Great Divide: New Perspectives on the Financial Crisis, chapter 3, Hoover Institution, Stanford University.
    6. Graeme O'Meara, 2015. "Housing Bubbles and Monetary Policy: A Reassessment," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 46(4), pages 521-565.
    7. Taylor, John B., 2013. "International monetary coordination and the great deviation," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 463-472.
    8. Akcay, Mustafa & Elyasiani, Elyas, 2021. "The link between the federal funds rate and banking system distress: An empirical investigation," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 67(C).
    9. Feld, Lars P. & Fuest, Clemens & Haucap, Justus & Schweitzer, Heike & Wieland, Volker & Wigger, Berthold U., 2021. "The monetary policy strategy of the European Central Bank: Review and recommendations," Kronberger Kreis-Studien 67e, Stiftung Marktwirtschaft / The Market Economy Foundation, Berlin.
    10. Boysen-Hogrefe, Jens & Gern, Klaus-Jürgen & Groll, Dominik & Jannsen, Nils & Kooths, Stefan & Plödt, Martin & Schwarzmüller, Tim & van Roye, Björn & Scheide, Joachim, 2014. "Finanz- und Wirtschaftspolitik bei einer anhaltenden monetären Expansion," Kieler Beiträge zur Wirtschaftspolitik 5, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    11. Salomon Fiedler & Isabel Hanisch & Dr. Nils Jannsen Hanisch & Prof. Dr. Maik Wolters, 2017. "Effectiveness of Unconventional Monetary Policy in the Euro Area: An Assessment Based on a Literature Survey," Credit and Capital Markets, Credit and Capital Markets, vol. 50(4), pages 455-488.
    12. John Taylor, 2014. "Causes of the Financial Crisis and the Slow Recovery: A 10-Year Perspective," Discussion Papers 13-026, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
    13. Kerry B. Hudson & Joaquin L. Vespignani, 2014. "Understanding the Deviations of the Taylor Rule: A New Methodology with an Application to Australia," CAMA Working Papers 2014-78, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    14. Bofinger, Peter & Schnabel, Isabel & Feld, Lars P. & Schmidt, Christoph M. & Wieland, Volker, 2014. "Mehr Vertrauen in Marktprozesse. Jahresgutachten 2014/15," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201415.
    15. Scott, C. Patrick & Barari, Mahua, 2017. "Monetary policy deviations: A Bayesian state-space analysis," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 1-12.
    16. Tolga Dağlaroğlu & Baki Demirel & Syed F. Mahmud, 2018. "Monetary policy implications of short-term capital flows in Turkey," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 45(4), pages 747-763, November.
    17. George A. Kahn, 2012. "Estimated rules for monetary policy," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, vol. 97(Q IV).
    18. John B Taylor, 2013. "The Effectiveness of Central Bank Independence vs. Policy Rules," Business Economics, Palgrave Macmillan;National Association for Business Economics, vol. 48(3), pages 155-162, July.
    19. John B. Taylor, 2013. "The Effectiveness of Central Bank Independence Versus Policy Rules," Discussion Papers 12-009, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
    20. John B. Taylor, 2012. "Monetary Policy Rules Work and Discretion Doesn’t: A Tale of Two Eras," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 44(6), pages 1017-1032, September.
    21. Scott, C. Patrick, 2016. "Asymmetric preferences and monetary policy deviations," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 325-334.
    22. John B. Taylor, 2010. "Commentary: monetary policy after the fall," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 337-348.
    23. John B. Taylor, 2014. "Monetary Policy and the State of the Economy," Economics Working Papers 14107, Hoover Institution, Stanford University.
    24. Wilde, Wolfram, 2012. "The influence of Taylor rule deviations on the real exchange rate," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 51-61.
    25. Peter Stalder, 2015. "Starker Franken und tiefe Zinsen: Wohin steuert der schweizerische Immobilienmarkt?," KOF Analysen, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, vol. 9(4), pages 45-66, December.

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