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Escape from New York: the market impact of loosening disclosure requirements

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  • Nuno Fernandes
  • Ugur Lel
  • Darius P. Miller

Abstract

We examine the first significant deregulation of U.S. disclosure requirements since the passage of the 1933/1934 Exchange and Securities Acts: the 2007 SEC Rule 12h-6. Rule 12h-6 has made it easier for foreign firms to deregister with the SEC and thereby terminate their U.S. disclosure obligations. We document that the market reacted negatively to the announcement by the SEC that firms from countries with weak disclosure and governance regimes could more easily opt out of the stringent U.S. reporting and legal environment. We also document that since the rule’s passage, an unprecedented number of firms have deregistered, and these firms often had been previous targets of U.S. class action securities lawsuits or SEC enforcement actions. Our findings suggest that shareholders of non-U.S firms place significant value on U.S. securities regulations, especially when the home country investor protections are weak.

Suggested Citation

  • Nuno Fernandes & Ugur Lel & Darius P. Miller, 2009. "Escape from New York: the market impact of loosening disclosure requirements," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Jan.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfpr:y:2009:i:jan:x:9
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    Cited by:

    1. Xi Li & Amir N. Licht & Christopher Poliquin & Jordan I. Siegel, 2015. "What Makes the Bonding Stick? A Natural Experiment Involving the U.S. Supreme Court and Cross-Listed Firms," HKUST IEMS Working Paper Series 2015-19, HKUST Institute for Emerging Market Studies, revised Mar 2015.
    2. Gilberto Loureiro & Sónia Silva, "undated". "Post-Operating Performance of Cross-Delisted Firms From U.S. Stock Exchanges," NIPE Working Papers 17/2015, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    3. Huang, Ying & Elkinawy, Susan & Jain, Pankaj K., 2013. "Investor protection and cash holdings: Evidence from US cross-listing," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 937-951.
    4. Karolyi, G. Andrew, 2012. "Corporate governance, agency problems and international cross-listings: A defense of the bonding hypothesis," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 516-547.
    5. Gilberto Loureiro & Sónia Silva, "undated". "Cross-Delisting, Financial Constraints and Investment Sensitivities," NIPE Working Papers 15/2015, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    6. Peng, Mike W. & Su, Weichieh, 2014. "Cross-listing and the scope of the firm," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 42-50.
    7. Nielsson, Ulf, 2013. "Do less regulated markets attract lower quality firms? Evidence from the London AIM market," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 335-352.
    8. Wang, Jing & Zhou, Haigang, 2015. "Competition of trading volume among markets: Evidence from stocks with multiple cross-listing destinations," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 23-62.
    9. Chinmoy Ghosh & Fan He, 2015. "Investor Protection, Investment Efficiency and Value: The Case of Cross-Listed Firms," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 44(3), pages 499-546, September.
    10. Chaplinsky, Susan & Ramchand, Latha, 2012. "What drives delistings of foreign firms from U.S. Exchanges?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 1126-1148.
    11. repec:eee:corfin:v:46:y:2017:i:c:p:232-247 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Bessler, Wolfgang & Kaen, Fred R. & Kurmann, Philipp & Zimmermann, Jan, 2012. "The listing and delisting of German firms on NYSE and NASDAQ: Were there any benefits?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 1024-1053.
    13. Clinton, Sarah B. & White, Joshua T. & Woidtke, Tracie, 2014. "Differences in the information environment prior to seasoned equity offerings under relaxed disclosure regulation," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 59-78.
    14. Gotti, Giorgio & Mastrolia, Stacy, 2014. "Cost of Capital for Exempt Foreign Private Issuers: Information Risk Effect or Earnings Quality Effect? It Depends," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 190-220.
    15. Juliet D’Souza & William L. Megginson & Robert Nash, 2013. "An empirical analysis of cross-listing decisions in share-issue privatizations: evidence from developed and developing countries," Chapters,in: Handbook of Research on IPOs, chapter 23, pages 531-551 Edward Elgar Publishing.

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