Do Agglomeration Economies Exist in the Hospital Services Industry
Given the importance of knowledge flows and the continued emphasis on face-to-face encounters especially for medical care, close proximity of hospitals may be essential for the efficient delivery of medical care. That is, hospital productivity might be greater where hospitals cluster and allow knowledge to more easily and quickly disperse among personnel in the various organizations. To add to the understanding about agglomeration economies in the hospital services sector, this study analyzes how the clustering of hospitals in the various metropolitan areas of the US affects industry wide productivity. The multiple regression analysis is conducted on a cross-sectional basis for both 1993 and 1999 and by using first differencing of the data between the two years. The observed productivity improvements resulting from the clustering of hospitals provides yet another justification for encouraging a larger number of hospitals in metropolitan areas.
Volume (Year): 31 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 (Fall)
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