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Public transport demand in Freiburg: why did patronage double in a decade?

  • FitzRoy, Felix
  • Smith, Ian

The German city of Freiburg has experienced an enormous and unprecedented rise in the demand for local public transport since the early 1980s. This study investigates the causes of this dramatic increase in the popularity of both tram and bus use. Although traffic restraint measures and improvements in the quality of the public transit service are significant factors, the main explanation lies in the introduction of low cost 'environmental' travel cards with the key characteristics of transferability across friends and family and wide regional validity across operators. These season tickets considerably augmented transit demand without seriously exacerbating the operating deficit.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transport Policy.

Volume (Year): 5 (1998)
Issue (Month): 3 (June)
Pages: 163-173

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Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:5:y:1998:i:3:p:163-173
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  1. Halvorsen, Robert & Palmquist, Raymond, 1980. "The Interpretation of Dummy Variables in Semilogarithmic Equations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 474-75, June.
  2. Felix R FitzRoy & Ian Smith, 1998. "Season Tickets and the Demand for Public Transport," CRIEFF Discussion Papers 9802, Centre for Research into Industry, Enterprise, Finance and the Firm.
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