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Subways near the subway: Rail transit and neighborhood catering businesses in Beijing

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Listed:
  • Zheng, Siqi
  • Hu, Xiaoke
  • Wang, Jianghao
  • Wang, Rui

Abstract

Beijing has made enormous investment in rail transit since the late 2000s. The rapidly growing subway system greatly improves the accessibility of neighborhoods nearby subway stations and often increases neighborhood population and employment densities, both resulting in a larger market for local retail businesses. While numerous studies have shown that rail transit investment tends to raise property value close to stations, few have provided direct evidence on rail transit's effects on local consumer amenities. Using citywide catering establishment data since 2004 from dianping.com (China's yelp.com), we study the effects of new subway stations on catering openings, diversity and consumer demand in neighborhoods near a subway station opened during 2004–2013. We find that a new subway station positively contributes to the quantity, diversity and consumer demand of nearby food and beverage services. These effects are heterogeneous spatially and in terms of catering types. This study enriches the limited extant empirical evidence on urban rail transit's impact on local economic activities and consumer amenities. In China, where unprecedented rail transit expansion has transformed large cities like Beijing in many ways, our findings can help us better understand how major public investment in cities affects local economy, quality of life, the housing market and related further policy concerns.

Suggested Citation

  • Zheng, Siqi & Hu, Xiaoke & Wang, Jianghao & Wang, Rui, 2016. "Subways near the subway: Rail transit and neighborhood catering businesses in Beijing," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 81-92.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:51:y:2016:i:c:p:81-92
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2016.03.008
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jonas Eliasson & Fredrik Kopsch & Svante Mandell & Mats Wilhelmsson, 2020. "Transport Mode and the Value of Accessibility–A Potential Input for Sustainable Investment Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(5), pages 1-14, March.
    2. Xuan Sun & Weikai Wang & Tao Sun & Ya Ping Wang, 2018. "Understanding the Living Conditions of Chinese Urban Neighborhoods through Social Infrastructure Configurations: The Case Study of Tianjin," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(9), pages 1-17, September.
    3. Tan, Ronghui & He, Qingsong & Zhou, Kehao & Xie, Peng, 2019. "The effect of new metro stations on local land use and housing prices: The case of Wuhan, China," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 1-1.
    4. Wu, Wenjie & Wang, Jianghao & Li, Chengyu & Wang, Mark, 2016. "The geography of city liveliness and consumption: evidence from location-based big data," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 83642, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Chengyu Li & Mark Wang & Jianghao Wang & Wenjie Wu, 2016. "The Geography of City Liveliness and Land Use Configurations: Evidence from Location-Based Big Data in Beijing," SERC Discussion Papers 0201, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    6. Ciyun Lin & Kang Wang & Dayong Wu & Bowen Gong, 2020. "Passenger Flow Prediction Based on Land Use around Metro Stations: A Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(17), pages 1-23, August.

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    Keywords

    Subway; Catering; Local consumer amenity; Beijing;

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