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The Spitsmijden experiment: A reward to battle congestion


  • Knockaert, Jasper
  • Tseng, Yin-Yen
  • Verhoef, Erik T.
  • Rouwendal, Jan


It can be imagined that a reward may be a far more popular policy instrument than the traditional taxation approach towards containing externalities, usually presented in public economics literature. Given the implied policy potential, we conducted an extensive reward experiment in real world conditions on a congested motorway corridor in the Netherlands.

Suggested Citation

  • Knockaert, Jasper & Tseng, Yin-Yen & Verhoef, Erik T. & Rouwendal, Jan, 2012. "The Spitsmijden experiment: A reward to battle congestion," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 260-272.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:24:y:2012:i:c:p:260-272
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2012.07.007

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Train,Kenneth E., 2009. "Discrete Choice Methods with Simulation," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521747387, June.
    6. Ben-Elia, Eran & Ettema, Dick, 2011. "Rewarding rush-hour avoidance: A study of commuters' travel behavior," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 45(7), pages 567-582, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Xiaomei Zhao & Chunhua Wan & Jun Bi, 2019. "Day-to-Day Assignment Models and Traffic Dynamics Under Information Provision," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 473-502, June.
    2. Rey, David & Dixit, Vinayak V. & Ygnace, Jean-Luc & Waller, S. Travis, 2016. "An endogenous lottery-based incentive mechanism to promote off-peak usage in congested transit systems," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 46-55.
    3. Peer, Stefanie & Knockaert, Jasper & Koster, Paul & Tseng, Yin-Yen & Verhoef, Erik T., 2013. "Door-to-door travel times in RP departure time choice models: An approximation method using GPS data," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 134-150.
    4. Jasper Knockaert & Stefanie Peer & Erik Verhoef, 2016. "Identification of self-selection biases in field experiments using stated preference experiments," Natural Field Experiments 00568, The Field Experiments Website.
    5. André De Palma & Robin Lindsey & Guillaume Monchambert, 2015. "The Economics of Crowding in Public Transport," Working Papers hal-01203310, HAL.
    6. Peer, Stefanie & Knockaert, Jasper & Verhoef, Erik T., 2016. "Train commuters’ scheduling preferences: Evidence from a large-scale peak avoidance experiment," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 314-333.
    7. Chidambaram, Bhuvanachithra & Janssen, Marco A. & Rommel, Jens & Zikos, Dimitrios, 2014. "Commuters’ mode choice as a coordination problem: A framed field experiment on traffic policy in Hyderabad, India," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 9-22.
    8. Dogterom, Nico & Ettema, Dick & Dijst, Martin, 2018. "Activity-travel adaptations in response to a tradable driving credits scheme," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 79-88.
    9. Fan, Wenbo & Jiang, Xinguo & Erdogan, Sevgi & Sun, Yanshuo, 2016. "Modeling and evaluating FAIR highway performance and policy options," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 156-168.
    10. Devi Brands & Erik (E.T.) Verhoef & Jasper Knockaert & Paul (P.R.) Koster, 2019. "Tradable permits to manage urban mobility: market design and experimental implementation," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 19-007/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    11. Hall, Jonathan D. & Savage, Ian, 2019. "Tolling roads to improve reliability," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 113(C).


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