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A worldwide review of support mechanisms for car clubs

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  • Enoch, Marcus P.
  • Taylor, Jo

Abstract

Car clubs have operated on a large scale only since 1987, when the first scheme began in Switzerland, although prior to that there were several smaller-scale projects. Schemes then spread to Germany, Austria and the Netherlands. More recently, car clubs have been set up in the UK, Denmark, Italy, and Sweden, and in Canada and the USA. These clubs have developed (and are still developing) in a number of ways. Some schemes are community-level schemes with only one or two vehicles, while others are national organisations with many thousands of members. And some schemes are run by volunteers and are non-profit making, while others are commercial ventures run by international companies. Despite such diverse beginnings, it is clear that the vast majority of schemes face similar problems in becoming established. One major barrier has been the lack of involvement or support from local and national Government. Given the potential benefits of car clubs to deliver environmental and social improvements to communities, this is somewhat surprising. As experience of car clubs spreads, this situation has begun to change and there are signs that Government attitudes across the world are becoming more enthusiastic to the idea of encouraging car clubs. This paper draws on the results of a state-of-the-art review, based on several face-to-face and telephone interviews, email communications, internet sites and existing literature to identify cases where such a change in attitude has occurred, how various levels of Government have translated this into action, and what lessons could be learnt from each example.

Suggested Citation

  • Enoch, Marcus P. & Taylor, Jo, 2006. "A worldwide review of support mechanisms for car clubs," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(5), pages 434-443, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:13:y:2006:i:5:p:434-443
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Prettenthaler, Franz E. & Steininger, Karl W., 1999. "From ownership to service use lifestyle: the potential of car sharing," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 443-453, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Claudia Burlando & Giulia Arduino & Davide Nobile, 2007. "Il car sharing come business development area: analisi del settore, strategie d’impresa e ricadute socio economich," Working Papers 0703, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica, revised 2007.
    2. Claudia Burlando, 2012. "A Comparison of Car Sharing Organizational Models: An Analysis of Feasible Efficiency Increase through a Centralized Model," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 2, pages 53-64, May.
    3. Xenias, Dimitrios & Whitmarsh, Lorraine, 2013. "Dimensions and determinants of expert and public attitudes to sustainable transport policies and technologies," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 75-85.
    4. Claudia Burlando & Giulia Arduino & Davide Nobile, 2007. "Il car sharing come business development area: analisi del settore, strategie d’impresa e ricadute socio economich," Working Papers 07_3, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica, revised 2007.
    5. Rabbitt, Niamh & Ghosh, Bidisha, 2016. "Economic and environmental impacts of organised Car Sharing Services: A case study of Ireland," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 3-12.
    6. Matthew Clark & Kate Gifford & Jillian Anable & Scott Le Vine, 2015. "Business-to-business carsharing: evidence from Britain of factors associated with employer-based carsharing membership and its impacts," Transportation, Springer, vol. 42(3), pages 471-495, May.
    7. Correia, Gonçalo Homem de Almeida & Antunes, António Pais, 2012. "Optimization approach to depot location and trip selection in one-way carsharing systems," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 233-247.
    8. Preston, John, 2009. "Epilogue: Transport policy and social exclusion--Some reflections," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 140-142, July.
    9. Santos, Georgina & Behrendt, Hannah & Teytelboym, Alexander, 2010. "Part II: Policy instruments for sustainable road transport," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 46-91.
    10. Michael Duncan, 2011. "The cost saving potential of carsharing in a US context," Transportation, Springer, vol. 38(2), pages 363-382, March.

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