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Design of limited-stop services for an urban bus corridor with capacity constraints

Author

Listed:
  • Leiva, Carola
  • Muñoz, Juan Carlos
  • Giesen, Ricardo
  • Larrain, Homero

Abstract

In high-demand bus networks, limited-stop services promise benefits for both users and operators, and have proven their attractiveness in systems such as Transmilenio (Bogota, Colombia) and Transantiago (Santiago, Chile). The design of these services involves defining their itinerary, frequency and vehicle size, yet despite the importance of these factors for the network's efficiency, no published works appear to provide the tools for designing high-frequency unscheduled services on an urban bus corridor, minimizing social costs. This paper presents an optimization approach that minimizes these costs in terms of wait time, in-vehicle travel time and operator cost. Various optimization models are formulated that can accommodate the operating characteristics of a bus corridor, given an origin-destination trip matrix and a set of services that are a priori attractive. The models then determine which of these services should be offered at what frequencies and with which type of vehicles. A case study in which the model is applied to a real-world case of a bus corridor in the city of Santiago, Chile, is presented and the results are analyzed. Finally, the model is used on two different demand scenarios establishing which type of services tend to be good candidates on each case and providing preliminary insights on the impact of some key parameters.

Suggested Citation

  • Leiva, Carola & Muñoz, Juan Carlos & Giesen, Ricardo & Larrain, Homero, 2010. "Design of limited-stop services for an urban bus corridor with capacity constraints," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 44(10), pages 1186-1201, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:44:y:2010:i:10:p:1186-1201
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mohring, Herbert, 1972. "Optimization and Scale Economies in Urban Bus Transportation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 591-604, September.
    2. Enrique Fernández L., J. & de Cea Ch., Joaquin & Malbran, R. Henry, 2008. "Demand responsive urban public transport system design: Methodology and application," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(7), pages 951-972, August.
    3. Homero Larrain & Juan Muñoz, 2008. "Public Transit Corridor Assignment Assuming Congestion Due to Passenger Boarding and Alighting," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 8(2), pages 241-256, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Larrain, Homero & Muñoz, Juan Carlos & Giesen, Ricardo, 2015. "Generation and design heuristics for zonal express services," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 201-212.
    2. Gu, Weihua & Amini, Zahra & Cassidy, Michael J., 2016. "Exploring alternative service schemes for busy transit corridors," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 93(PA), pages 126-145.
    3. Cortés, Cristián E. & Jara-Díaz, Sergio & Tirachini, Alejandro, 2011. "Integrating short turning and deadheading in the optimization of transit services," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 45(5), pages 419-434, June.
    4. Martínez, Héctor & Mauttone, Antonio & Urquhart, María E., 2014. "Frequency optimization in public transportation systems: Formulation and metaheuristic approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 236(1), pages 27-36.
    5. Szeto, W.Y. & Jiang, Y., 2014. "Transit route and frequency design: Bi-level modeling and hybrid artificial bee colony algorithm approach," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 235-263.
    6. Cancela, Héctor & Mauttone, Antonio & Urquhart, María E., 2015. "Mathematical programming formulations for transit network design," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 17-37.
    7. Tirachini, Alejandro & Hensher, David A., 2011. "Bus congestion, optimal infrastructure investment and the choice of a fare collection system in dedicated bus corridors," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(5), pages 828-844, June.
    8. Ibarra-Rojas, O.J. & Delgado, F. & Giesen, R. & Muñoz, J.C., 2015. "Planning, operation, and control of bus transport systems: A literature review," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 38-75.
    9. Chen, Jingxu & Liu, Zhiyuan & Zhu, Senlai & Wang, Wei, 2015. "Design of limited-stop bus service with capacity constraint and stochastic travel time," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 1-15.
    10. repec:eee:transb:v:105:y:2017:i:c:p:67-85 is not listed on IDEAS

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