IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/transb/v32y1998i1p61-75.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

A comparison of two alternative behavioral choice mechanisms for household auto ownership decisions

Author

Listed:
  • Bhat, Chandra R.
  • Pulugurta, Vamsi

Abstract

Auto ownership modeling plays an important role in travel demand analysis because it is a key determinant of the travel behavior of individuals and households. Discrete-choice auto ownership models use either an ordered-response choice mechanism or an unordered-response choice mechanism. The ordered-response mechanism is based on the hypothesis that an uni-dimensional continuous latent auto ownership propensity index determines the level of car ownership. The unordered-response mechanism is based on the Random Utility Maximization principle. This paper presents the underlying theoretical structures, and identifies the advantages and disadvantages, of the two alternative response mechanisms. The paper also compares the ordered-response mechanism (represented by the ordered-response logit model) and the unordered-response mechanism (represented by the multinomial logit model) empirically using several data sets. This comparative analysis offers strong evidence that the appropriate choice mechanism is the unordered-response structure. As a general guideline, auto ownership modeling must be pursued using the unordered-response class of models (such as the multinomial logit or probit model) and not using the ordered-response class of models (such as the ordered-response logit or probit).

Suggested Citation

  • Bhat, Chandra R. & Pulugurta, Vamsi, 1998. "A comparison of two alternative behavioral choice mechanisms for household auto ownership decisions," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 61-75, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:32:y:1998:i:1:p:61-75
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191-2615(97)00014-3
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Golob, Thomas F., 1990. "The Dynamics of Household Travel Time Expenditures and Car Ownership Decisions," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt1676t0bp, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Golob, Thomas F., 1990. "The Dynamics of Household Travel Time Expenditures and Car Ownership Decisions," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt2t18b4q9, University of California Transportation Center.
    3. Uncles, Mark D., 1987. "A beta-logistic model of mode choice: Goodness of fit and intertemporal dependence," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 195-205, June.
    4. Bhat, Chandra R. & Koppelman, Frank S., 1993. "An endogenous switching simultaneous equation system of employment, income, and car ownership," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 447-459, November.
    5. Han, Aaron & Hausman, Jerry A, 1990. "Flexible Parametric Estimation of Duration and Competing Risk Models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 5(1), pages 1-28, January-M.
    6. Meurs, Henk, 1990. "Trip generation models with permanent unobserved effects," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 145-158, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:32:y:1998:i:1:p:61-75. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/548/description#description .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.