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Reprint of: Catching up through the development of technology standard: The case of TD-SCDMA in China


  • Gao, Xudong
  • Liu, Jianxin


This paper explored the key factors affecting catching up through technology standard development by studying the evolution of TD-SCDMA, one of the three international standards of 3G mobile communications, in China. It was found that this was a complex co-evolution process between firm strategy and government policy aimed mainly at solving the challenges of late-comer disadvantages. The paper also examined the unique features of this co-evolution process, including the importance of the informal social network of non-customer stakeholders, and discussed the theoretical and practical implications of the key findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Gao, Xudong & Liu, Jianxin, 2012. "Reprint of: Catching up through the development of technology standard: The case of TD-SCDMA in China," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 817-831.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:telpol:v:36:y:2012:i:10:p:817-831
    DOI: 10.1016/j.telpol.2012.10.001

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Yu, Jiang & Zhang, Yue & Gao, Ping, 2012. "Examining China's technology policies for wireless broadband infrastructure," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 847-857.
    2. Zhang, Jing & Liang, Xiong-jian, 2012. "Promoting green ICT in China: A framework based on innovation system approaches," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 997-1013.
    3. Gao, Ping & Yu, Jiang & Lyytinen, Kalle, 2014. "Government in standardization in the catching-up context: Case of China's mobile system," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 200-209.
    4. Liu, Xiaolu & Li, Xiaoyu & Li, Honglin, 2016. "R&D subsidies and business R&D: Evidence from high-tech manufacturing firms in Jiangsu," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1-22.
    5. Hu, Hanhui & Wan, Xing & Lv, Kui & Xu, Min, 2012. "Mapping China's 3G market with the strategic network paradigm," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 977-988.
    6. Kim, Dong-hyu & Lee, Heejin & Kwak, Jooyoung & Seo, DongBack, 2014. "China׳s information security standardization: Analysis from the perspective of technical barriers to trade principles," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 592-600.
    7. Wu, Richard W.S. & Leung, Grace L.K., 2012. "Implementation of three network convergence in China: A new institutional analysis," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 955-965.
    8. Kwak, Jooyoung & Lee, Heejin & Chung, Do Bum, 2012. "The evolution of alliance structure in China’s mobile telecommunication industry and implications for international standardization," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 966-976.
    9. Vialle, Pierre & Song, Junjie & Zhang, Jian, 2012. "Competing with dominant global standards in a catching-up context. The case of mobile standards in China," Telecommunications Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 832-846.


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