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Double-jeopardy: The joint impact of neighborhood disadvantage and low social cohesion on cumulative risk of disease among African American men and women in the Jackson Heart Study

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  • Barber, Sharrelle
  • Hickson, DeMarc A.
  • Kawachi, Ichiro
  • Subramanian, S.V.
  • Earls, Felton

Abstract

Few studies have examined the joint impact of neighborhood disadvantage and low social cohesion on health. Moreover, no study has considered the joint impact of these factors on a cumulative disease risk profile among a large sample of African American adults. Using data from the Jackson Heart Study, we examined the extent to which social cohesion modifies the relationship between neighborhood disadvantage and cumulative biological risk (CBR)—a measure of accumulated risk across multiple physiological systems.

Suggested Citation

  • Barber, Sharrelle & Hickson, DeMarc A. & Kawachi, Ichiro & Subramanian, S.V. & Earls, Felton, 2016. "Double-jeopardy: The joint impact of neighborhood disadvantage and low social cohesion on cumulative risk of disease among African American men and women in the Jackson Heart Study," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 107-115.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:153:y:2016:i:c:p:107-115
    DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.02.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Altschuler, Andrea & Somkin, Carol P. & Adler, Nancy E., 2004. "Local services and amenities, neighborhood social capital, and health," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 59(6), pages 1219-1229, September.
    2. Subramanyam, Malavika A. & James, Sherman A. & Diez-Roux, Ana V. & Hickson, DeMarc A. & Sarpong, Daniel & Sims, Mario & Taylor, Herman A. & Wyatt, Sharon B., 2013. "Socioeconomic status, John Henryism and blood pressure among African-Americans in the Jackson Heart Study," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 139-146.
    3. Braumoeller, Bear F., 2004. "Hypothesis Testing and Multiplicative Interaction Terms," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 58(04), pages 807-820, October.
    4. Cleland, Verity & Ball, Kylie & Hume, Clare & Timperio, Anna & King, Abby C. & Crawford, David, 2010. "Individual, social and environmental correlates of physical activity among women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 70(12), pages 2011-2018, June.
    5. repec:aph:ajpbhl:1997:87:4:597-603_9 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. de Vries, Sjerp & van Dillen, Sonja M.E. & Groenewegen, Peter P. & Spreeuwenberg, Peter, 2013. "Streetscape greenery and health: Stress, social cohesion and physical activity as mediators," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 26-33.
    7. Stafford, M. & Cummins, S. & Macintyre, S. & Ellaway, A. & Marmot, M., 2005. "Gender differences in the associations between health and neighbourhood environment," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 60(8), pages 1681-1692, April.
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    1. repec:oup:geronb:v:73:y:2018:i:2:p:258-266. is not listed on IDEAS

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