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Changes in transport behavior during the financial crisis. An analysis of urban form, location and transport behavior in the greater Copenhagen area 2006–2011

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  • Nielsen, Thomas Alexander Sick

Abstract

A multitude of studies have focussed on the connections between urban form, location and transport behavior to inform sustainable and resilient urban planning. However, few have studied the stability of urban form and location effects under changing economic conditions. This paper presents an analysis of the changes in urban form and location correlates of travel distances in the Danish Zealand/Copenhagen region from before the financial crisis (2006/07) to some years after the financial downturn (2010/11). Significant changes are found in the socio-economic as well as urban form and location correlates of travel during the period. The importance of location in explaining travel distances has increased over time. It is suggested that the effects may be explained as cost reducing strategies on behalf of consumers which would lead to an increasing importance of distance to nearest facilities/destinations. It follows that the location pattern, the geographical configuration of the urban region, is a factor in households' adaptive strategies which partly determine the possibilities for reducing travel and the possibilities for adaption and regional resilience.

Suggested Citation

  • Nielsen, Thomas Alexander Sick, 2015. "Changes in transport behavior during the financial crisis. An analysis of urban form, location and transport behavior in the greater Copenhagen area 2006–2011," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 10-19.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:retrec:v:51:y:2015:i:c:p:10-19
    DOI: 10.1016/j.retrec.2015.07.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Marsden, Greg & Docherty, Iain, 2013. "Insights on disruptions as opportunities for transport policy change," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 46-55.
    2. Thomas Alexander Sick Nielsen & Henrik Harder Hovgesen, 2005. "Urban Fields In The Making: New Evidence From A Danish Context," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 96(5), pages 515-528, December.
    3. Mark Horner, 2007. "A multi-scale analysis of urban form and commuting change in a small metropolitan area (1990–2000)," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 41(2), pages 315-332, June.
    4. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    5. Ewan Clague & W. J. Couper, 1931. "The Readjustment of Workers Displaced by Plant Shutdowns," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 45(2), pages 309-346.
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    7. Katarina Haugen & Einar Holm & Magnus Strömgren & Bertil Vilhelmson & Kerstin Westin, 2012. "Proximity, accessibility and choice: A matter of taste or condition?," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 91(1), pages 65-84, March.
    8. Figueroa, Maria J. & Nielsen, Thomas A. Sick & Siren, Anu, 2014. "Comparing urban form correlations of the travel patterns of older and younger adults," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 10-20.
    9. Selma Hepp, 2013. "Foreclosures and Metropolitan Spatial Structure: Establishing the Connection," Housing Policy Debate, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(3), pages 497-520, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Copenhagen; Urban region; Foreclosure crisis; Financial crisis; Urban form; Location; Accessibility; Travel distances;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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