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Global excellence at the expense of local diffusion, or a bridge between two worlds? Research in science and technology in the developing world

Author

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  • Barnard, H.
  • Cowan, R.
  • Müller, M.

Abstract

Do world-leading researchers from developing countries contribute to upgrading locally, or do they disengage from the local context? The paper investigates the scientific collaborations of university-based science and technology researchers in the database of the South African National Research Foundation (NRF), and analyses the co-authorships of researchers who were ranked by the NRF during the 2001–2007 period. To establish the extent to which a researcher can access knowledge outside the South African academic science and technology research community, and share it inside that community, we develop a measure of ‘gatekeeping’. The evidence suggests that there is not a local/global trade-off in knowledge creation in academia in the developing world, and that the world-leading researchers in developing countries may play an especially important role as conduits of new knowledge in their country.

Suggested Citation

  • Barnard, H. & Cowan, R. & Müller, M., 2012. "Global excellence at the expense of local diffusion, or a bridge between two worlds? Research in science and technology in the developing world," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 756-769.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:41:y:2012:i:4:p:756-769
    DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2011.12.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Confraria, Hugo & Mira Godinho, Manuel & Wang, Lili, 2017. "Determinants of citation impact: A comparative analysis of the Global South versus the Global North," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 265-279.
    2. Cowan, Robin & Rossello, Giulia, 2017. "Emergent structures in faculty hiring networks, and the effects of mobility on academic performance," MERIT Working Papers 046, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    3. repec:eee:respol:v:46:y:2017:i:7:p:1299-1311 is not listed on IDEAS

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