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Innovation spaces: Workspace planning and innovation in U.S. university research centers

  • Toker, Umut
  • Gray, Denis O.
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    This paper reports findings of a study designed to test whether differences in spatial layout of research offices and labs (workspace planning) affects face-to-face technical consultations, and ultimately innovation process outcomes in research settings critical to government supported innovation strategies--university research centers (URCs). The study involved a mixed-method (multivariate predictive and multiple case comparison) evaluation of six organizationally similar but spatially different URCs. Data analysis revealed relationships between workspace planning, consultations and innovation process outcomes. Multivariate analyses showed that configurational accessibility, visibility and walking distances significantly affect the frequencies and locations of unprogrammed face-to-face consultations. Cross-case comparisons revealed that URCs featuring overall high configurational accessibility, shorter walking distances and intact territories exhibit higher face-to-face consultation rates, consultation network connectivity, and subjective/objective innovation process outcomes. Implications for research policy, practice and research are discussed.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V77-4RFD67R-1/1/3134058006b169a4acc1bd411900011a
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Research Policy.

    Volume (Year): 37 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 2 (March)
    Pages: 309-329

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:37:y:2008:i:2:p:309-329
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/respol

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    1. James D. Adams & Eric P. Chiang & Katara Starkey, 2000. "Industry-University Cooperative Research Centers," NBER Working Papers 7843, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Link, Albert N & Link, Kevin R, 2003. " On the Growth of U.S. Science Parks," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 81-85, January.
    3. Etzkowitz, Henry & Webster, Andrew & Gebhardt, Christiane & Terra, Branca Regina Cantisano, 2000. "The future of the university and the university of the future: evolution of ivory tower to entrepreneurial paradigm," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 313-330, February.
    4. Knut Koschatzky & Rolf Sternberg, 2000. "R&D Cooperation in Innovation Systems—Some Lessons from the European Regional Innovation Survey (ERIS)," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(4), pages 487-501, August.
    5. Denis O Gray, 2000. "Government-sponsored industry-university cooperative research: an analysis of cooperative research center evaluation approaches," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 9(1), pages 57-67, April.
    6. Thomas J. Allen, 1984. "Managing the Flow of Technology: Technology Transfer and the Dissemination of Technological Information Within the R&D Organization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262510278, June.
    7. A Penn & J Desyllas & L Vaughan, 1999. "The space of innovation: interaction and communication in the work environment," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 26(2), pages 193-218, March.
    8. Salter, Ammon & Gann, David, 2003. "Sources of ideas for innovation in engineering design," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(8), pages 1309-1324, September.
    9. Appold, Stephen J., 2004. "Research parks and the location of industrial research laboratories: an analysis of the effectiveness of a policy intervention," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 225-243, March.
    10. Casas, Rosalba & de Gortari, Rebeca & Santos, Ma. Josefa, 2000. "The building of knowledge spaces in Mexico: a regional approach to networking," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 225-241, February.
    11. M L Benedikt, 1979. "To take hold of space: isovists and isovist fields," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 6(1), pages 47-65, January.
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