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Techno-economic potential of a renewable energy-based microgrid system for a sustainable large-scale residential community in Beijing, China

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  • He, Li
  • Zhang, Shiyue
  • Chen, Yizhong
  • Ren, Lixia
  • Li, Jing

Abstract

In this study, the techno-economic potential and optimal configuration are investigated under various renewable energy (RE)-based, stand-alone and grid-connected microgrid scenarios. HOMER software is employed to assess the physical, operating, and economic performance of the system’s components, and to obtain the most cost-effective configuration pattern. The outputs obtained from the case study for a residential community in Beijing can help the decision maker identify the optimal adoption of renewable energy sources, electricity generation, and economic benefits. Results show that there is a very high potential for applying a predominantly RE-based microgrid in a residential community in Beijing, which could supply at least 90% of the onsite electricity demand with 47–100% RE sources. In the grid-connected model, the total net present cost (TNPC) of the microgrid system would be, at most, 57% of the obtained electricity less than that completely from the external grids. Results also indicate that it would be more cost-effective when wind power becomes the main energy source and combined with moderately capacity of solar photovoltaic (PV) in the RE hybrid microgrid system. Additionally, a system with moderate size of batteries tends to be more ecologically friendly and cost-effective both in the stand-alone and grid-connected models than a system without batteries.

Suggested Citation

  • He, Li & Zhang, Shiyue & Chen, Yizhong & Ren, Lixia & Li, Jing, 2018. "Techno-economic potential of a renewable energy-based microgrid system for a sustainable large-scale residential community in Beijing, China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 631-641.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:93:y:2018:i:c:p:631-641
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2018.05.053
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