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Does economic growth in Malaysia depend on disaggregate energy?

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  • Rahman, Md. Saifur
  • Noman, Abu Hanifa Md.
  • Shahari, Farihana

Abstract

This study aims to investigate long-run relationship between economic growth and disaggregated energy consumption in Malaysia. Toda-Yamamoto (T-Y), the modified Granger causality test, along with annual disaggregated energy and real GDP growth data from 1971 to 2014 was used in the investigation process. This paper presents several outcomes; firstly, this paper argues that the Malaysian economy is energy dependent and sensitive to energy supply shocks. Secondly, the usage of energy inputs in Malaysian economy is found to be consumed inefficiently meaning that usage of higher energy resources does not contribute the economic growth significantly, rather causes environmental pollution badly. Thirdly, the finding indicates that economic growth and environmental pollution through spreading carbon emissions are responsive to each other. In this circumstance, the Malaysian economy has to find a way to consume the energy inputs efficiently so that economic growth is improved, while negative externality in the environment is reduced. Therefore, the study presents significant policy implications in order to improve the energy efficiency and reduce environmental pollution.

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  • Rahman, Md. Saifur & Noman, Abu Hanifa Md. & Shahari, Farihana, 2017. "Does economic growth in Malaysia depend on disaggregate energy?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 640-647.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:78:y:2017:i:c:p:640-647
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.010
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Disaggregate energy consumption; Environment pollution; GDP growth; Granger causality; Malaysia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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