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Energy savings and cost-benefit analysis of using compression and absorption chillers for air conditioners in Iran

Author

Listed:
  • Shekarchian, M.
  • Moghavvemi, M.
  • Motasemi, F.
  • Mahlia, T.M.I.

Abstract

The electricity demand in Iran has increased steadily in recent years. This is mainly due to the rapid growth in the number of high-rise air-conditioned buildings and the rapid use of electrical appliances in residential and commercial sectors. This paper investigates the annual energy required for cooling per unit area and the total energy cost per unit area for each type of air conditioning systems in different climates in Iran. The paper also investigates the effects of changing the coefficient of performance (COP) of absorption chillers on cost saving. This study found that using absorption chillers for cooling will increase the amount of energy usage per unit area; however the energy cost per unit area will decrease. In addition this research indicates that for each 0.1 increment in COP of absorption chillers, there is at least 50Â USD/m2 saved cost.

Suggested Citation

  • Shekarchian, M. & Moghavvemi, M. & Motasemi, F. & Mahlia, T.M.I., 2011. "Energy savings and cost-benefit analysis of using compression and absorption chillers for air conditioners in Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 1950-1960, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:15:y:2011:i:4:p:1950-1960
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mahlia, T. M. I. & Masjuki, H. H. & Saidur, R. & Amalina, M. A., 2004. "Viewpoint: Mitigation of emissions through energy efficiency standards for room air conditioners in Malaysia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(16), pages 1783-1787, November.
    2. Mazandarani, A. & Mahlia, T.M.I. & Chong, W.T. & Moghavvemi, M., 2010. "A review on the pattern of electricity generation and emission in Iran from 1967 to 2008," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(7), pages 1814-1829, September.
    3. Jaruwongwittaya, Tawatchai & Chen, Guangming, 2010. "A review: Renewable energy with absorption chillers in Thailand," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(5), pages 1437-1444, June.
    4. Masjuki, H.H & Saidur, R & Choudhury, I.A & Mahlia, T.M.I & Ghani, A.K & Maleque, M.A, 2001. "The applicability of ISO household refrigerator–freezer energy test specifications in Malaysia," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 26(7), pages 723-737.
    5. Khosroshahi, Kaveh Aflaki & Jadid, Shahram & Shahidehpour, Mohammad, 2009. "Electric Power Restructuring in Iran: Achievements and Challenges," The Electricity Journal, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 74-83, March.
    6. Mahlia, T. M. I. & Masjuki, H. H. & Saidur, R. & Amalina, M. A., 2004. "Cost-benefit analysis of implementing minimum energy efficiency standards for household refrigerator-freezers in Malaysia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(16), pages 1819-1824, November.
    7. Assilzadeh, F. & Kalogirou, S.A. & Ali, Y. & Sopian, K., 2005. "Simulation and optimization of a LiBr solar absorption cooling system with evacuated tube collectors," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 30(8), pages 1143-1159.
    8. Sözen, Adnan & Kurt, Mustafa & Akçayol, M.Ali & Özalp, Mehmet, 2004. "Performance prediction of a solar driven ejector-absorption cycle using fuzzy logic," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 53-71.
    9. Mahlia, T.M.I. & Iqbal, A., 2010. "Cost benefits analysis and emission reductions of optimum thickness and air gaps for selected insulation materials for building walls in Maldives," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 2242-2250.
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    Cited by:

    1. Shekarchian, M. & Moghavvemi, M. & Motasemi, F. & Zarifi, F. & Mahlia, T.M.I., 2012. "Energy and fuel consumption forecast by retrofitting absorption cooling in Malaysia from 2012 to 2025," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 6128-6141.
    2. Al-Ugla, A.A. & El-Shaarawi, M.A.I. & Said, S.A.M. & Al-Qutub, A.M., 2016. "Techno-economic analysis of solar-assisted air-conditioning systems for commercial buildings in Saudi Arabia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1301-1310.
    3. Chen, Yi & Han, Wei & Jin, Hongguang, 2017. "Proposal and analysis of a novel heat-driven absorption–compression refrigeration system at low temperatures," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 185(P2), pages 2106-2116.
    4. repec:eee:rensus:v:80:y:2017:i:c:p:1512-1527 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Afshar, O. & Saidur, R. & Hasanuzzaman, M. & Jameel, M., 2012. "A review of thermodynamics and heat transfer in solar refrigeration system," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 5639-5648.
    6. Hasan, M.H. & Mahlia, T.M.I. & Nur, Hadi, 2012. "A review on energy scenario and sustainable energy in Indonesia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 2316-2328.

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