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The coordination of capital income and profit taxation with cross-ownership of firms

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  • Huizinga, Harry
  • Nielsen, Soren Bo

Abstract

This paper investigates the scope for international coordination of capital income and profit taxation. The paper considers a world of many symmetric countries where public goods are financed by taxes on capital income and on profits. In the open economy, the authorities have at their disposal a residence-based saving tax, a source-based investment tax and a profit tax. Determinants of the tax mix are the foreign ownership of domestic firms, if any, and the extent to which the profit tax is feasible. Noncooperative tax policy in the open economy is compared to the corresponding tax policy in the closed economy where a single tax instrument determines the wedge between the returns to saving and investment. There generally is a scope for a coordinated increase in this tax wedge if the noncoordinated tax wedge is negative or very large, and vice versa. There is no need for tax coordination if there is no foreign ownership or if profits are taxed fully. The cases for tax coordination when in the noncoordinated scenario there either is no saving tax or no investment tax are also considered. In the absence of an investment tax, coordination can only lead to an increase in the saving-investment tax wedge, while in the absence of saving taxes this tax wedge has to be increased or decreased in the general case of a positive foreign ownership of domestic firms.
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  • Huizinga, Harry & Nielsen, Soren Bo, 2002. "The coordination of capital income and profit taxation with cross-ownership of firms," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 1-26, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:32:y:2002:i:1:p:1-26
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    Cited by:

    1. Wataru Johdo, 2009. "New Entry, International Location Patterns and Welfare," American Journal of Economics and Business Administration, Science Publications, vol. 1(2), pages 133-137, June.
    2. Kalamov, Zarko Y. & Runkel, Marco, 2016. "On the implications of introducing cross-border loss-offset in the European Union," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 144(C), pages 78-89.
    3. Wataru Johdo, 2010. "Profit Tax And Firm Mobility In A Three‐Country Model," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 111-126, June.
    4. Harry Huizinga & Søren Bo Nielsen, "undated". "The Political Economy of Capital Income and Profit Taxation in a Small Open Economy," EPRU Working Paper Series 97-01, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    5. Wolf Wagner & Sylvester Eijffinger, 2008. "Efficiency of capital taxation in an open economy: tax competition versus tax exportation," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 15(6), pages 637-646, December.
    6. Harry Huizinga & Søren Bo Nielsen, "undated". "Is Coordination of Fiscal Deficits Necessary?," EPRU Working Paper Series 98-05, Economic Policy Research Unit (EPRU), University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
    7. Fuest, Clemens & Hemmelgarn, Thomas, 2005. "Corporate tax policy, foreign firm ownership and thin capitalization," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 508-526, September.
    8. Huizinga, Harry & Nielsen, Søren Bo, 2008. "Must losing taxes on saving be harmful?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(5-6), pages 1183-1192, June.
    9. Michael P. Devereux, 2008. "Taxation of outbound direct investment: economic principles and tax policy considerations," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(4), pages 698-719, winter.
    10. Huizinga, Harry & Nicodeme, Gaetan, 2006. "Foreign ownership and corporate income taxation: An empirical evaluation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(5), pages 1223-1244, July.
    11. Michael Stimmelmayr, 2018. "Investors' Portfolio Choice and Tax Reforms: The 2008 German Corporate Tax Reform Reconsidered," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 74(3), pages 376-413, September.
    12. Laffont, Jean-Jacques & Pouyet, Jerome, 2004. "The subsidiarity bias in regulation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(1-2), pages 255-283, January.
    13. Eichner, Thomas & Runkel, Marco, 2011. "Corporate income taxation of multinationals in a general equilibrium model," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7), pages 723-733.
    14. Wataru Johdo, 2013. "Corporate Tax Reductions, Cross-Border Ownership and Welfare," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 64(4), pages 484-503, December.
    15. Fuest, Clemens, 2005. "Economic integration and tax policy with endogenous foreign firm ownership," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(9-10), pages 1823-1840, September.
    16. Gordon, Roger H. & Bo Nielsen, Soren, 1997. "Tax evasion in an open economy:: Value-added vs. income taxation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 173-197, November.
    17. Gaëtan Nicodème, 2006. "Corporate tax competition and coordination in the European Union: What do we know? Where do we stand?," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 250, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    18. Akira Yakita, 2014. "Capital Tax Competition and Cooperation with Endogenous Capital Formation," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(3), pages 459-468, August.
    19. Mihai Mutascu, 2014. "Influence of climate conditions on tax revenues," Contemporary Economics, University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw., vol. 8(3), September.
    20. Bo Nielsen, Soren, 1998. "On capital income tax policies under uncertainty," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(8), pages 1553-1580, September.

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