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Employment effects of the Football World Cup 1974 in Germany

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  • Hagn, Florian
  • Maennig, Wolfgang

Abstract

This study demonstrates that the Football World Cup 1974 in Germany was not able to generate any medium to long-term employment effects that were significantly different from zero. It is the first work to examine the employment effects of Football World Cup tournaments. It is also the first work to undertake a multivariate analysis of the employment effects of a major sporting event outside of the USA. In addition, this study does not arbitrarily determine the time period for the potential positive effects of a major sporting event but instead examines several alternative periods. Furthermore, the study tests for method sensitivity by analysing the data set in parallel with the approaches used in the studies of sporting events in the USA as well as in a fourth modifying estimation approach. In contrast to the conclusions reached in comparable studies, the results are not regarded as a clear refutation of the positive effects of major sporting events.

Suggested Citation

  • Hagn, Florian & Maennig, Wolfgang, 2008. "Employment effects of the Football World Cup 1974 in Germany," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(5), pages 1062-1075, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:15:y:2008:i:5:p:1062-1075
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Koyo Miyoshi & Masaru Sasaki, 2016. "The Long-Term Impacts of the 1998 Nagano Winter Olympic Games on Economic and Labor Market Outcomes," Asian Economic Policy Review, Japan Center for Economic Research, vol. 11(1), pages 43-65, January.
    2. Luiz Martins de Melo, 2012. "The Case of Brazil 2014/2016," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Mega Sporting Events, chapter 29 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Robert Baumann & Bryan Engelhardt & Victor A. Matheson, 2012. "Labor Market Effects of the World Cup: A Sectoral Analysis," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Mega Sporting Events, chapter 22 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Robert A. BAADE & Robert W. BAUMANN & Victor A. MATHESON, 2010. "Slippery Slope ? Assessing The Economic Impact Of The 2002 Winter Olympic Games In Salt Lake City, Utah," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 31, pages 81-92.
    5. Elmer Sterken, 2012. "Economic Impact of Organizing Large Sporting Events," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Mega Sporting Events, chapter 20 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Simon Planells Struse & Daniel Montolio, 2014. "The effect of football matches on crime patterns in Barcelona," ERSA conference papers ersa14p1606, European Regional Science Association.
    7. Ogawa, Ryoh, 2017. "Using REIT Data to Assess the Economic Worth of Mega-Events: The Case of the 2020 Tokyo Olympics," MPRA Paper 78829, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Jeroen Schokkaert & Johan F.M. Swinnen & Thijs Vandemoortele, 2012. "Mega Events and Sports Institutional Development: The Impact of the World Cup on Football Academies in Africa," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Mega Sporting Events, chapter 19 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    9. Robert Baumann & Bryan Engelhardt & Victor Matheson, 2010. "The Labor Market Effects of the Salt Lake City Winter Olympics," Working Papers 1002, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
    10. Roberto Gásquez & Vicente Royuela, 2014. "Is Football an Indicator of Development at the International Level?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 117(3), pages 827-848, July.
    11. Stephen Shmanske, 2012. "The Economic Impact of the Golf Majors," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Mega Sporting Events, chapter 25 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    12. Robert Baumann & Victor Matheson, 2015. "Many Happy Returns? The Pro-Bowl, Mega-events, and Tourism in Hawaii," Working Papers 1505, College of the Holy Cross, Department of Economics.
    13. Robert Baumann & Victor A. Matheson, 2013. "Estimating economic impact using ex post econometric analysis: cautionary tales," Chapters,in: The Econometrics of Sport, chapter 10, pages 169-188 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    14. Stan du Plessis & Wolfgang Maennig, 2012. "The 2010 FIFA World Cup High-frequency Data Economics: Effects on International Tourism and Awareness for South Africa," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Mega Sporting Events, chapter 27 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    15. Bernd Süssmuth & Malte Heyne & Wolfgang Maennig, 2010. "Induced Civic Pride and Integration," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 72(2), pages 202-220, April.
    16. Philip K. Porter & Daniel M. Chin, 2012. "Economic Impact of Sports Events," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Mega Sporting Events, chapter 15 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    17. Wonho Song, 2010. "Impacts Of Olympics On Exports And Tourism," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 35(4), pages 93-110, December.
    18. Feddersen, Arne & Maennig, Wolfgang, 2012. "Sectoral labour market effects of the 2006 FIFA World Cup," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 860-869.
    19. Veysel Avsar & Umut Unal, 2014. "Trading Effects of the FIFA World Cup," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(3), pages 315-329, August.
    20. Stefan Kesenne, 2012. "The Economic Impact, Costs and Benefits of the FIFA World Cup and the Olympic Games: Who Wins, Who Loses?," Chapters,in: International Handbook on the Economics of Mega Sporting Events, chapter 16 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    21. Omer Bayar & Georg Schaur, 2014. "The Impact of Visibility on Trade: Evidence from the World Cup," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(4), pages 759-782, September.
    22. Peter A. Groothuis & Kurt W. Rotthoff, 2016. "The Economic Impact and Civic Pride Effects of Sports Teams and Mega-Events: Do The Public and the Professionals Agree?," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(1), pages 21-32, February.

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